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Factors Contributing for Road Accidents

 Factors Contributing for Road Accidents

  1. Human (Driver/Pedestrian/Passenger)
    1. Non-Compliance to traffic rules (Overtaking, Speeding,etc.)
    2. Impairment (drugs,alcohol,etc.)
    3. Lack of Abilities and capabilities  (License,vision etc.)

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    4. Poor Attitude and Attention (emotion,phone distraction,etc.)
    5. None usage of Helmet and protection clothing utilization 
    6. None wearing of Seat belt.
  2. Vehicles.
    1. Maintenance 
    2. Inspections
    3. Damage
    4. Condition of wheels and tires
    5. Condition of steering, 
    6. Pedals,
    7. Levers,
    8. Lights
    9. Suspension, 
    10. Design Standards
    11. Overloading 
  3. Road Infrastructure 
    1. Surface (friction,shoulders,potholes, etc.)
    2. Geometry (gradient,lanes,no shoulder,curves,etc.)
    3. Poor maintenance, Traffic Volumes,
    4. Inadequate signs,
    5. reflectors,
    6. signal, 
    7. lighting, etc., 
    8. Obstacles (Intersection type, crosswalk,island, etc.)
    9. Poor road system (entry and exist of vehicles).
  4. Transport and land use
    1. Transport alternatives,
    2. Other modes,
    3. Spatial arrangement,
    4. Co-location
    5. Accessibility-remoteness,
    6. Location,
    7. Service Levels,
    8. Transport integration.
  5. Environmental
    1. Weather (Fog,rain etc.)
    2. Smoke
  6. Socio-economic circumstance
    1. Economics (finance,funding),
    2. Employment Structure,
    3. Population Growth,
    4. Politics and government
    5. Social norms and background
    6. Travel purposes and activities
    7. Legal (regulation,liability,insurance). 
 

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