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Showing posts with label Behavioral Safety. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Behavioral Safety. Show all posts

Behavioral Safety : Behavior Based Safety (BBS) - Employees

Topic : Behavioral Safety
Behavior Based Safety (BBS) - Employees

Behavior based safety is a process that helps employees to identify and choose a safe behavior over an unsafe one, For BBS to work ,all levels of company Workers and Management must together

BBS looks at how three things interact to improve safety.

Person- Knowledge, Skill, Abilities, Intelligence, Motives, Personality, Attitudes and Values 
Environment- Equipment, tools, Machines, Housekeeping, Heat/Clod, Engineering, Materials, Safety Rules, Standards, Operating Procedures.
Behavior- Complying, Coaching, Recognizing, Communicating, Actively Caring.

Basic principles of BBS
  • Behavior is a cause of accidents.
  • Observe-Measure-Manage.
  • Feedback is essential to improvement.
  • Consequences motivate behavior.
  • Communication is the key.
  • Participation creates ownership.
  • Continuous improvement happens when we work together.
  • Be proactive rather than reactive.
Behavior V/s Attitude: 
Behavior - What you do.
Attitude - What you think,feel or believe.

BBS strives to instill a safety - oriented attitude. A bad attitude may result in 
  • Committing an unsafe act
  • Failing to do something you should or could have done to prevent an accident.
Despite the training there can be certain other barriers to safe behavior such as:
  • Untrained or skilled employees
  • Complacency
  • Disagreement on safe practices
  • Personal choice
  • Culture
  • Ineffective management systems
  • Inappropriate rewards
  • Poor facilities and equipment
One way to look at how changing your behavior can improve safety is the ABC Model 
AActivator - Triggers behavior
B Behavior - What We do
CConsequence - Reinforcement or punishment.

Roles and Responsibilities
Manger:- Provide oversight for supervisors - Understand BBS process- Eliminate organizational issues.

Supervisor:- Understand what observation data is saying about safety performance- Remove any barriers o safe behavior.
Worker:- Develop safety attitude- Participate in BBS training & Meetings.

Behavioral Safety : Behavior Based Safety Programs

Topic : Behavioral Safety

Behavior Based Safety Programs

  1. Observation of employees to employees.

  2. Extensive training provided to those participating particularly the observers.

  3. Development of a list of "critical worker behaviors "often with input form workers themselves who are invited and welcomed into the process.

  4. Development of ' model behavior's so that employees behaviors are measured against their own standard- Previous behaviors.

  5. Substantial management commitment, including financial.

  6. Reward system e.g. bonuses / acknowledgement of efforts and results.

  7. Program are promoted as 'voluntary and promoting participation.

  8. The program say in health and safety which is 'Everyone's Responsibility not recognizing who has power to make decisions.

  9. Utilize and appropriate current participation and representative structures - e.g. elected committee representatives, union delegates, and safety committees etc.

Behavioral Safety : Who Is Responsible For Safety

Who Is Responsible For Safety

Safety is everyone's responsibility! As an employee, you should:
  • Learn to work safely and take all rules seriously.
  • Recognize hazards and avoid them.
  • Report all accidents, injuries and illness to your supervisor immediately.
  • Inspect tools before use to avoid injury.
  • Wear all assigned personal protective equipment.

On the other hand, it is managements responsibility to:
Behavioral Safety

  • Provide a safe and healthy workplace.
  • Provide personal protective equipment.
  • Train employees in safe procedures and in how to identify hazards.

Everyone must be aware of potential hazards on the job:
  • Poor housekeeping results in slips, trips and falls.
  • Electricity can cause shocks, burns or fire if not handled properly.
  • Poor material handling may cause back problems or other injuries.
  • Tools and equipment can cause injuries if guards or protective devices are disengaged.

Always use the protections that are provided on the job:

  • Guards on machines and tools keep body parts from contacting moving equipment.
  • Insulation on electrical equipment prevents burns, shock and fire.
  • Lockout/tagout assures equipment is de-energized before it is repaired.
  • Personal protective equipment shields your body from hazards you may face on the job.

In case of emergency:

  • Understand alarms and evacuation routes.
  • Know how to notify emergency response personnel.
  • Implement a procedure for leaving the scene safely so emergency personnel can do their job.
  • Wipe up spills promptly and correctly.

Safety benefits everyone. With fewer injuries, a business can be more productive and profitable. By incorporating safety rules, employees avoid injury as well as illness from exposure to hazardous substances

Topic : Behavioral Safety


Behavioral Safety : Behavior-Based Safety

Topic : Behavioral Safety 
Behavior-Based Safety

Behavior Based Safety is a proactive approach that measures and coaches safe work practices. Safety is about people helping other people on the job.

This includes talking to each other about safe behaviors or risky behaviors you see first hand. Doing so shows active care and concern for yourself, your co-worker and the company you are working for.

Making observations:

You can impact safety by getting involved, working together and addressing critical behaviors such as:
  • Lifting methods
  • Personal protective equipment use
  • Methods used to access elevated work areas
  • Work speed or hurry
  • Driving practices
  • Work methods and work layout
  • Housekeeping

Safe procedures:
  • Have care and concern for yourself, co-workers, and your company.
  • Observe what is going on around you as you go about your work.Commend co-workers when you see a safe work practice. For example, “Your eye protection looks
  • good.” Coach your co-worker when you see they are at risk of injury. Ask his or her permission to share what you see. For example, “If I see something that could cause you to be injured, would you want to know about it?” Use words that are positive and supportive. If there is a barrier, talk about the best way to address it.

Promoting safe behaviors will help prevent injuries. Do your best to be observant of others’ behaviors and to make positive recommendations.

Safety Seeds : Why Do You Work Safely?

Why to Work Safely?

In order to deliberately do something day after day you need a reason. You eat because you need food to live. You sleep because your body needs the rest. You go to work to provide for yourself and your family.

Have you stopped to think about your reasons for working safely? Do you go along with safety regulations because the company say so, or to win recognition for being accident free? 

Stop and think – you have far better reasons for working safely, and here are only a few examples:
  • You want to continue working to support your family in the comfortable lifestyle to which they have become accustomed.
  • Some accidents result in months of pain and even hospital stays. Some pains never go away.
  • You hate the sight of blood – especially your own.
  • A disability could end all your favorite recreational activities.
  • A head injury could impact your ability to speak, read, or even enjoy your favorite TV show.
  • You want to enjoy life with your family and friends without the changes that a significant injury would impose.
  • You have plans for the future. Career! Family! Kids! Grand kids! Travel! Retirement!
A workplace accident can permanently change all those plans in an instant. With an accident you could be on your way to the hospital and might have months of painful therapy to recover. Think about how much is resting on your shoulders every day, and all the people who are counting on you to come home safely. Working safe is really a very small price to pay for being able to improve and maintain your lifestyle. There is no job or piece of production that is worth the risk of injury.

Safety Seeds : Are YOU a Safety Champion

Are YOU a Safety Champion

Being a Safety Champion is everyone’s responsibility! Each person is responsible to make hundreds of decisions necessary to function every day, and to acquire the knowledge to make the safest choices possible. By doing so, each one of us can become a Safety Champion.
  • Put one foot in front of the other without falling down.
  • Use the correct tools for the job and correct PPE.
  • Do not use broken or damaged tools.
  • Understand the safety guidelines for all tools and equipment.
  • Operate equipment in a safe manner.
  • Pay attention to and follow all safety signs and warnings.
  • Do not lift more than you can physically and safely handle.
  • Position your body in low risk ergonomic positions.
  • Don’t put your hands where you can’t see them or near a hazard.
  • Successfully complete safety training.
  • Get adequate sleep / food / water.
  • Know how to do your job injury free.
  • Know what you control, and control it.
  • Anticipate problems and fix them before they happen.
  • Understand your contribution to the overall performance of the job / project.
Each individual must accept responsibility for their actions and know how to safely control what is in their environment. A Safety Champion must create and maintain an operating vision, show the way, set and hold priorities, create and maintain accountability, and lead by example.


Safety Seeds : Safe Plan of Action - S.T.O.P.

Topics : Safe Plan of Action - S.T.O.P.

Always take a few minutes to review the task at hand before starting any work. Consider how to complete the task safely by using the right Personal Protection Equipment (PPE), tools, and equipment for the job.

Take the time to make a Safe Plan of Action (SPA) for every task. STOP is a good formula to follow for all your work, home, and recreational activities.

Stop: Step back and review the task. Are there any pinch points? Jagged edges? Hot surfaces? Are machine guards in place? Have all energy sources been locked out?

Think: How am I going to safely accomplish this task? What can possibly go wrong? Do I have all the right tools to do this job? Do I have the experience to do this job safely? Where will my hands be while doing this work and will I be able to see them at all times? Do I have the correct PPE?

Observe: What are the “not so obvious” risks? Will my work create a safety hazard to others? Will their work create a safety hazard to me? Are there other process or environmental conditions that need to be considered and addressed before starting the work? Who else needs to be notified before starting this work?

Proceed: Begin your work only after completing a SPA to eliminate all known and potential hazards and that controls are in place to complete the task safely.

“Who can hope to be safe? Who sufficiently cautious? Guard himself as he may, every moment is an ambush.” – Horace

Safety Seeds : Safety Always Culture

Topics : Safety Always Culture

Our safety goal is  "Zero Lost Time Accidents" . We need 100% participation. But what is your responsibility to achieve this goal? Safety, of course…but what does that look like?

Work and play safely wherever you are and whatever you are doing. 

Safety goals are not about living your life in a bubble. They’re about performing tasks in a manner that minimizes possible negative outcomes (injury, illness, death). Climbing a ladder? Have a spotter; don’t lean out too far to your left or right. Running to the store quickly? Wear your seatbelt and slow down. Skydiving? Better make sure your parachute works! Get the idea?

Get training before performing unfamiliar tasks. 

ALWAYS ASK for training if you are going to use a piece of unfamiliar machinery, or work in an unfamiliar environment. Confirm that you have all of the PPE you need to perform the task safely. Would you try flying a plane without instruction? Or using a chainsaw for the first time without reading a manual or having someone show you? Some equipment, or environments have less than obvious hazards, which is why it is extremely important that you learn all you can before performing the task.

Watch out for each other. 

It turns out that common sense is a rare commodity. If you see a coworker performing an unsafe task, say something immediately. Not only for his / her safety, but for your and the company’s benefit as well. If someone is injured on the job, it affects all of us. For Safety’s Sake, Do Something!

Safety Seeds : Safety Shortcuts

Topics : Safety Shortcuts 

Most people like to get their job done by exerting the least amount of time and energy, and that leads us to continuously look for better ways for completing our work. Those “better ways” are often only shortcuts that do not provide the safe path for completing the task at hand.

When we successfully take a safety shortcut, we begin to believe that we can always substitute the quicker way, instead of following safe practices. Doing things the safe way starts to feel like “too much of a bother”.

For example, wearing Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is not “cool”. As a result, we often don’t take the time to find and use the right tools / equipment or plan our work properly and consider the consequences.

What are the odds?

If your chances of having an automobile accident are 1 in 100 while attempting to cut across 4 lanes of traffic, instead of crossing at the traffic light –What will you do?

If your chances of falling off of the ladder while reaching over too far resulting in breaking your leg is 1 in 100 –Will you take two minutes to climb down and reposition the ladder?

If you are changing a broken light bulb and your chances of receiving a potential lethal shock are 1 in 100 –Will you ensure that the power is turned off to that circuit?

If your chances of being injured are 1 in 100 if you were to by-pass a machine guard or if you fail to do a proper LOTO –What will you do?

What are the odds? No one knows for sure. However, risking life or limb to save a few minutes of your time is certainly an unsure bet – one you will eventually lose!

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