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Showing posts with label Health Safety. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Health Safety. Show all posts

SAFETY SERIES:- 2 | Eyes Are God’s Greatest Gift,Protect Them

Safety Series:- 2

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Eyes Are God’s Greatest Gift,Protect Them

There are some things that we always take for granted. One of them is eyesight. But thousands of people injure their eyes in accidents every year. Only then do they realize that eyes are one of our most precious possessions – something, which one cannot afford to replace.

Protect your eyes against Mechanical hazards arising out of flying objects at the workplace – sparks, flying chips, particles, dust etc. Chemical hazards can result in splashes or spillages: especially when powders and liquids are splashed, agitated or shaken. Heat, glare, ultra-violet and infra-red rays originate from Radiation or Thermal hazards. Learn to identify these hazards and protect your eyes.

  1. Some of the accepted safety rules are:Wear your safety glasses when working.
  2. Wear close-fitting safety goggles or cup sided shields while grinding.
  3. Scratched, pitted or damaged safety glasses should be replaced immediately.
  4. Wear properly shaded lenses when welding and cutting.
  5. Do not look directly into open containers of hazardous materials.
  6. Make sure power tools have been turned off before you remove goggles.
  7. Be sure hands or handkerchiefs are clean before wiping face and eyes.

Prevent eye injuries by following the above simple precautions.

Health Safety : Infection Control

Topic : Health Safety 

Infection Control

Keep our workplace healthy. Don’t spread “germs”—microorganisms such as bacteria and viruses, which cause illnesses. Germs may not kill you, but they can make you sick and make you miss time from work.

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Hazards to watch for:
  • Fever, coughing, sneezing or other symptoms of illness you may have.
  • Co-workers with symptoms.
  • Cloth towels in workplace kitchens or restroom. Paper towels are a safer alternative.
  • Shared utensils in the break room.
  • Open cuts and sores where microorganisms can enter your body and cause infection.

Safe procedures:
  • Use soap when washing your hands.
  • Wash hands before and after using the toilet, eating, working, applying cosmetics or lip balm and handling contact lenses.
  • Wash cuts and scrapes and cover them with a bandage. Neglected cuts can become infected.
  • If you are sick, consider staying home, rest and drink lots of fluids.
  • When blowing your nose, dispose of the tissue immediately.
  • Do not share drink or food containers or utensils with others.
  • Avoid touching your mouth, nose and eyes.
Taking precautions against the spread of germs can limit them from causing illness at work and at home.

Health Safety : Health Benefits of Drinking Water

Topic : Health Safety 
 Health Benefits of Drinking Water

You will be amazed of the benefits of drinking water as follow:

Health Safety
  1.  Lose weight: Drinking water helps you lose weight because it flushes down the by-products of fat breakdown. Drinking water reduces hunger; it’s an effective appetite suppressant so you’ll eat less. Plus, water has zero calories.
  2. Natural Remedy for Headache:Helps to relieve headache and back pains due to dehydration. Although there are many other reasons contribute to headache, dehydration is the common one. 
  3. Look Younger with Healthier Skin:You’ll look younger when your skin is properly hydrated. Water helps to replenish skin tissues, moisturizes skin and increase skin elasticity.
  4. Better Productivity at Work: Your brain is mostly made up of water, thus drinking water helps you think better, be more alert and more concentrate.
  5. Better Exercise: Drinking water regulates your body temperature. You’ll feel more energetic when doing exercises and water helps to fuel your muscle.
  6. Helps in Digestion and Constipation: Drinking water raises your metabolism because it helps in digestion. Fiber and water goes hand in hand so that you can have your daily bowel movement.
  7. Less Cramps and Sprains: Proper hydration helps keep your joints and muscles lubricated, so you’ll less likely get cramps and sprains.
  8. Less Likely to Get Sick and Feel Healthy: Drinking plenty of water helps fight against flu and other ailments like kidney stones and heart attack. Water adds with lemon is used for ailments like respiratory disease, intestinal problems, rheumatism and arthritis etc. Another words one of the benefits of drinking water can improve our immune system.
  9. Relieves Fatigue: Water is used by the body to help flush out toxins and waste products from the body. If your body lacks of water, your heart, for instance, need to work harder to pump out the oxygenated blood to all cells, so are the rest of the vital organs, your organs will be exhausted and so are you.
  10. Good Mood: Your body feels very good and that’s why you feel happy.
  11. Reduce the Risk of Cancer:Related to the digestive system, some studies show that drinking a healthy amount of water may reduce the risks of bladder cancer and colon cancer. Water dilutes the concentration of cancer-causing agents in the urine and shortens the time in which they are in contact with bladder lining.

Can you see the importance of water to your body after understanding the above benefits of drinking water?

Benefits Of Drinking Water

Heat Stress : Take Steps to Prevent Employee Heat Stress

Topic : Heat Stress 

Take Steps to Prevent Employee Heat Stress 

Heat Stress
Any work environment with high temperature and high humidity, where physical work is being performed, is a prime breeding ground for heat-related illness. But you need to take into account other factors as well.
For example, working around hot equipment or processes that generate heat adds to the effect of the temperature in the outside environment, compounding the heat stress workers face. So does stale, stagnant air, or a hot wind. And workers who have to wear hot, heavy PPE and protective clothing on the job are also at greater risk of heat illness.
Acclimatization is another important issue. It can take a worker 5 to 7 days to become conditioned to working in the heat. When a sudden heat wave strikes, employees don't have time to get used to the heat, and that makes them more susceptible to heat sickness.
Consider individual factors, too. For example, older workers are often at greater risk than younger workers. So are employees who are overweight, pregnant, physically unfit, inadequately rested, or sick. And workers who've consumed alcohol after work are more likely to be dehydrated the next day and are therefore more susceptible to heat illness.

How to Keep Workers Safe and Healthy

There's a lot you and your company's supervisors can do to reduce the risk of heat-related safety and health problems. These are some simple precautions:
  • Consider a worker's physical fitness to work in a hot environment.
  • Use engineering controls such as ventilation and spot-cooling by local exhaust to keep workers cool.
  • Have employees work in pairs to reduce stress and so that they can keep an eye on each other's
  • physical condition.     
  • Provide plenty of drinking water and encourage workers to drink fluids throughout their shift.     
  • Avoid scheduling the heaviest work on the hottest days or at the hottest time of the day.     
  • Alternate work and rest periods in very hot weather, making sure workers have a cool, shady place to take their breaks.     
  • Provide more frequent breaks for employees who have to wear hot, heavy PPE or protective clothing, or who work around heat-generating equipment and processes.      
  • Monitor temperatures and check on workers regularly to make sure they are successfully coping with the heat. Look for symptoms of heat stress.     
  • Train workers to recognize and treat the signs of heat illness.
The combination of heat, humidity, and human labor can be deadly. That's why you and your employees need to take precautions to prevent heat-related accidents and illness. You'll not only be keeping your workers safe and healthy, you'll also be keeping them on the job where you need them, even on the hottest days this summer.

Health Safety : Benefits of Drinking Water

Topic : Health Safety
Benefits of Drinking Water
Drink Water

Drinking a healthy amount of water is vital to your health. You can never imagine just by changing this simple step, you gain tremendous health benefits, and sometimes you can even throw away your migraine medicine or pain killer.

Before you can appreciate the benefits of water to your health, let’s review the role of water in human body.

Importance of Water in the Body

The human body is anywhere from 55% to 78% water depending on body size. A rule of thumb, 2/3 of body is consists of water, and it is the main component of human body. Did you know that your tissues and organs are mainly made up of water? Here is the %:

  • Muscle consists of 75% water
  • Brain consists of 90% of water
  • Bone consists of 22% of water
  • Blood consists of 83% water
The functions of water in human body are vital. The water:
  1. Transport nutrients and oxygen into cells
  2. Moisturizes the air in lungs
  3. Helps with metabolism
  4. Protect our vital organ
  5. Helps our organs to absorb nutrients better
  6. Regulates body temperature
  7. Detoxifies
  8. Protect and moisturizes our joints
Every cell in your body needs water from head to toe. That is why it is so important to drink enough fluid. Take for example, brain consists of 90% of water, if you do not supply enough water to your body, your brain cannot function well, and you will get headache or migraine. Hence, next time, if you feel fatigue and headache, it may be the sign of dehydration.

Harmful Effects and Symptoms of Dehydration

The Harmful Effects Result from Dehydration:
  1. Tiredness
  2. Migraine
  3. Constipation
  4. Muscle cramps
  5. Irregular blood-pressure
  6. Kidney problems
  7. Dry skin
  8. 20% dehydrated – Risk of death

Symptoms of Dehydration

Here are some of the symptoms that you need more water:
  • Dark Urine – Dark Yellow or Orange in Color: Urine is generally pale yellow to clear when you have sufficient water intake. Dark olor or smell strong indicates that you need to drink more water.
  • Dry Skin: Skin is the largest body organ and requires its share of water.
  • Thirst: Thirst is the most obvious sign that you're already dehydrated. It is always a good practice to drink more water when your are not thirsty, don’t wait until you're thirsty.
  • Hunger: Most people mistaken hungry is the indication to eat more, whereas in actual fact, you may be dehydrated. So before you have your meal, grab a glass of water.
  • Fatigue: Water is a source of energy; give you a boost in energy.

How much water should you drink a day to avoid dehydration? 
A common approach is drinking 8 glasses of water a day, is it sufficient?

Health Safety : Have you getting enough sleep

Topic : Health Safety 

Have you getting enough sleep

Good Sleep Is Necessary
Although it’s recommended that adults get seven to nine hours of sleep a night. It is analysis that multiple factors may contribute to workers being sleep-deprived. These include shift work, work hours, job stress and physically demanding work.

“Additionally, societal factors such as round-the-clock access to technology and the pressure to work harder has increased work hours, and thus also led to an increase of short sleep among adults,”. So what can workers do to get better sleep?

Tips for better rest

Although you may not be able to control all of the factors that hinder a good night’s sleep, but some recommends adopting certain habits that may help you get better rest:
  1. Follow a sleep schedule. Do your best to go to bed at the same time – including on weekends. Being consistent will help reinforce your sleep-wake cycle. If you can’t fall asleep after about 20 minutes, do something relaxing until you feel tired.
  2. Be mindful of what you eat and drink. Don’t go to bed when you feel hungry or overly full. Avoid nicotine, caffeine and alcohol before bed.
  3. Create a tranquil sleep environment. Keep your bedroom cool, dark and quiet. Avoid looking at light-emitting screens before bed, and consider using room-darkening shades, earplugs or a white noise machine to help you sleep.
  4. Reconsider naps. Taking long naps during daylight hours can limit nighttime sleep, so if you must nap, limit it to 30 minutes or less. (However, if you work a night shift, you might need to take a nap before work to help make up for lost sleep.)
  5. Stay active. Regular exercise can help promote better sleep, and spending time outside may be helpful, as well.
  6. Try not to stress. If worries are keeping you awake, write them down and set them aside for the next day.

Heat Stress : Stay Safe During Summer

Topic : Heat Stress 

Stay Safe During Summer

Heat Stress

HEAT is the flow or transfer of energy from a high temperature location to low temperature location / object.


There are two main ways in which our bodies produce heat:

Metabolic Heat - The body generates heat through the digestion of food, work and exercise.
Environmental Heat – the body absorbs heat from the surrounding environments like hot sun or hot room or hot work activities.


Heat Rash - also known as Prickly Heat occurs in hot, humid environments where sweat can't easily evaporate from the skin.
Heat Cramps - painful muscle spasms that result from the loss of salt and electrolytes due to excessive sweating.
Heat Exhaustion - is a state brought on by the loss of fluids lost during excessive sweating.
Heat Stroke - is a severe medical emergency which could result in death.

  •  Heat stroke results when the body's core temperature gets too high and the able to cool itself.
  • An individual suffering from heat stroke will have hot and dry skin, their pulse high, and their blood pressure will fall.
  • This condition must be treated by immediately cooling the victim's body with wrapping them in cool wet sheets. Immediately seek medical attention.


Acclimation - Accustom yourself to the weather prior to long durations of physical activity.
Maintain Body Fluids - Fluid intake must be maintained throughout the course of physical activity, at least by taking small sips of water every thirty minutes.
  • Do not rely on thirst as an indicator of dehydration.
  • Alcohol should be avoided because it is a diuretic, which increases dehydration.
Proper Diet – Eat light and stay away from heavy foods. They increase metabolic heat production and it increase water loss. Eat smaller, well-balanced meals more often.
Rest Periods - Pace your work activities at a slower rate during high temperatures and take frequent rest periods in a shaded area and drink plenty of fluids.
Dress Light – Lightweight, light-colored cotton clothing reflects heat and sunlight and helps your body maintain normal temperatures.

Heat-related Illnesses and First Aid

The chart below shows symptoms and first aid measures to take if a worker shows signs of a heat-related illness.

First Aid
        Excessive sweating or red, hot, dry skin Very high body temperature
    • Call 102 / 108
While waiting for help:
        Place worker in shady, cool area Loosen clothing, remove outer clothing
        Cold packs in armpits Wet worker with cool water; apply ice packs, cool compresses.
        Provide fluids (preferably water) as soon as possible.
        Cool, moist skin
        Heavy sweating
        Nausea or vomiting dizziness
        Light headedness
        Fast heart beat
        Have a worker sit or lie down in a cool, shady area
        Give worker plenty of water to drink
        Cool worker with cold compresses / ice packs
        Take to clinic or emergency room for medical evaluation or treatment if signs or symptoms worsen or do not improve within 60 minutes.
        Muscle Spasms
        Usually in abdomen, arms, or legs
        Have a worker rest in shady, cool area
        Worker should drink water or other cool beverages
        Wait a few hours before allowing worker to return to strenuous work
        Have worker seek medical attention if cramps don't go away
Heat rash
        Clusters of red bumps on skin
        Often appears on neck, upper chest, folds of skin
        Try to work in a cooler, less humid environment when possible
        Keep the affected area dry

Remember, if you are not a medical professional, use this information as a guide only to help workers in need

Jobs that physically demanding – such as heavy lifting or operating large objects, should be saved for early morning or late evening, when the temperature is cooler.

Suggested heat work procedures

Danger Category
Heat Syndrome
> 130
Extreme Danger
Heat Stroke Imminent
When the heat index is in this zone employees in the affected area should be dismissed.
105 - 129
Heat Cramps or heat
exhaustion likely. Heat
Stroke possible with
prolonged exposure and
When the heat index is in this zone. Critical work activities should be suspended. Non critical work activities shall be evaluated and schedule the employees with time period.
91 - 104
Extreme Caution
Heat cramps or heat exhaustion possible with prolonged exposure and activity
When the heat index is in this zone, shall discuss the situation with supervisors and make schedule/work adjustments to
accommodate for the heat.
77 - 90
Fatigue Possible
Normal work day, no alerts posted.

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