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Showing posts with label Ladder Safety. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Ladder Safety. Show all posts

SAFETY SERIES:- 10 | Use ladder safely



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Ladders are most commonly used in construction sites as well as houses for repair work. Using them in an improper manner can be dangerous. Accidental falls from ladders are known to have caused serious injuries and at times proved fatal. Most of these falls occur because safety precautions are generally ignored while using ladders.

To avoid fall, here are some tips:
  • Choose properly designed ladder for the required job. Place it on a firm, even ground before climbing on it. Make sure it is strong enough to support your weight.
  • Inspect the ladder carefully before using it.
  • Make sure ladder's rungs are clean, intact and secure.
  • Do not place the ladder in front of a door or in the passage where people are continuously moving.
  • Always maintain three-point contact by keeping both hands and one foot or both feet and one hand on the ladder at all times.
  • Always keep your face towards the ladder. Don’t lean from the side. Keep yourself centered within the side rails.
  • Never climb past the third rung from the top on a straight ladder. Make sure that straight ladders have slip resistant feet.
  • Never carry tools or equipment in your hands while climbing up or down. Use a tool belt or tool pouch to carry these items.
  • Always use a wooden ladder when working on or near electrical equipment.
  • Make sure that some one is holding the ladder properly at the bottom.

               Don’t take chances! Inspect the ladder thoroughly before using it

Proper use of Portable Ladders

1. Ladders must be visually inspected prior to their use. The user is responsible for the inspection. Ensure that safety feet are in place and that there are no rungs lost or loose, and no damages that could cause personal injury. Use a ladder that has a safety feet.

2. Choose the right length ladder. It should be long enough so that you can work standing not above the 4th rung from top. You should not stand on a ladder with your knees extending above the top
rung and never use the top rung. Do not over reach from a ladder. If your buckle reaches past the
uprights, you’ve gone too far. Move the ladder.

3. Defective ladders must be immediately removed from service and promptly tagged not to use.

4. Stepladders are positioned on firm and level surface when used.

5. Straight and extension ladders are held by a second person during the initial ascend until top of the ladder is firmly secured for subsequent climbs. Make sure nobody bumps into it.

6. Keep both hands free of tools and other items as you need both hands to climb. Wear a tool belt
or pull materials to you after reach the top. Face the ladder while ascending or descending.

7. Ladders are placed to allow a minimum 1:4 ratio between horizontal and vertical. It should be placed one rung length out from the wall for every 4 rungs where the ladder touches the wall.

8. Make sure that ladder is supported on a firm and strong structure, and not on any pipes or conduits. The uprights of a ladder should be vertical. Shore up if the ground is uneven.

In an incident, a worker placed a ladder leaning against a conduit.While climbing up, the conduit broke. He lost balance and fell down and got injured. Subsequently, a chain of events occurred.

The wires inside the conduit were damaged, causing a short circuit. UPS power to the unit was lost. Unit tripped causing production loss and process upsets.

“Your ladder is one of your most important tool. Use it safely and wisely"

Improve Ladder Safety

Improve Ladder Safety

As per the data for recent year, it was found that work-related ladder falls caused number of deaths, about several  injuries that resulted in at least one day away from work, and many serious injuries
treated in hospital emergency departments.
According to the findings, the workers at greatest risk were men, older employees, Hispanics, and those working in construction, extraction (including mining), installation, maintenance, and repair.

The Good News?
The most injuries caused by ladder falls can be prevented, if the employers, safety experts, and healthcare professionals to work together to make safe ladder use training available to people on and off the job. They also called for more research into ladder-fall prevention.
In the meantime, they say a few simple steps can keep your workers from scary and disabling falls:
  • Find ways to complete most of the work needed on the ground, without use of ladders.
  • Provide workers with alternatives to ladders, such as aerial lifts or supported scaffolds.
  • Most sure ladders are thoroughly inspected, have appropriate safety accessories, and are well matched to a worker's weight, task, and location.
  • Provide on-the-job ladder safety training and information.
Compliance Quick Check
Here's what your employees should DO to be safe when working on ladders:
  • Maintain 3-point contact (two hands and a foot, or two feet and a hand) when climbing or descending a ladder.
  • Face the ladder when climbing up or descending.
  • Keep the body inside the side rails.
  • Use extra care when getting on or off the ladder at the top or bottom. Avoid tipping the ladder over sideways or causing the ladder base to slide out.
  • Carry tools in a tool belt or raise tools up using a hand line. Never carry tools in your hands while climbing up or down a ladder.
  • Extend the top of the ladder three feet above the landing.
  • Keep ladders free of any slippery materials.
Here's what your employees should NOT DO:
  • Place a ladder on boxes, barrels, or unstable bases.
  • Use a ladder on soft ground or unstable footing.
  • Exceed the ladder’s maximum load rating.
  • Tie two ladders together to make them longer.
  • Ignore nearby overhead power lines.
  • Move or shift a ladder with a person or equipment on the ladder.
  • Lean out beyond the ladder's side rails.
  • Use an extension ladder horizontally like a platform.

Stepladder Safety

Stepladder Safety

Stepladders can be a quick and easy way to extend your reach, however, every time you use a stepladder there is a risk for permanent injury or death. Those hazards can be greatly reduced by following good safety practices.

Eliminate the Common Hazards by:
  • Inspect the ladder before each use and do not use if damaged.
  • Make sure the ladder rungs are clean and not slippery and that you are wearing slip resistant shoes.
  • Make sure the ladder is fully open and the center spreader is locked.
  • Make sure the ladder is set up on a non-slippery, level, and stable surface.
  • Make sure the ladder is tall enough and rated for the work to be performed.
  • Never use a stepladder to access another elevation because they are not designed for top or side exit or entry.
  • Never lean a stepladder because the feet are designed to be stable only in a fully open position.
  • Never use a metal stepladder near power lines or electrical equipment.
  • Never straddle the top of a stepladder or stand on the top two steps.
  • Provide barricades if ladder must be set up in a vehicle or pedestrian traffic area.
  • Maintain a 3-point contact when climbing ladders and keep your weight and shoulders between the rails.

 Using a stepladder safely is not as simple as most of us would believe. Depending on the work to be accomplished and the work environment, there will be other unique safety hazards to be considered for each ladder setup. A little forward planning, an inspection of the ladder, and survey of the work area is a good start to ensure a safe work experience using a stepladder.

Ladder Inspection, Maintenance and Care

Using a damaged ladder doesn’t make sense. You need to inspect ladders before using them. Ladders with defective parts must be removed from service, red-tagged, and reported to your supervisor immediately. Proper care, maintenance and handling of ladders will help ensure your personal safety and reduce wear and tear.

Ladder inspections:  

Before using a ladder:
  • Make sure to use the right ladder for the task.
  • Check the rails for cracks, holes or deformities. If a ladder has a crack or hole, remove it from service.
  • Check for missing or broken rivets.
  • Make sure all working parts move properly and the connections are secure.
  • Carefully check spreaders, extension ladder locks, flippers and the “safety feet.”

Maintenance and care:
  • Keep ladders free of oil and other slippery materials.
  • Lightly lubricate moving parts.
  • Tag broken ladders and take them out of service. Only a qualified person can repair ladders. Ladders that cannot be repaired should be destroyed and discarded.
Transporting a Ladder:
  • Ask for help when carrying a ladder that is heavy, long or awkward.
  • When carrying a long ladder, keep the front end elevated, especially around blind corners, in aisles and through doorways.
  • Do not toss or drop ladders into truck or trailers.
  • Make sure to secure ladders to truck or trailer and drive slowly over rough terrain to avoid damaging the ladder.

Ladder Storage:

When storing ladders:

  • Make sure the ladder is easily accessible and there is adequate room for removal and inspection.
  • Never store a ladder where it could fall and hurt someone or become a tripping hazard.
  • If stored horizontally, support longer ladders at several points to avoid sagging.
  • Always store step ladders vertically.
  • Always store fiberglass ladders inside, or out of direct sunlight.
  • Store all ladders away from sources of heat, moisture or corrosive materials.
Ladders are great tools when used properly. Take time to inspect, maintain, transport, use and store ladders safely.

Ladders- 3 Point Contact

Ladders- 3 Point Contact

Image result for 3-point contact—LaddersExplain dangers

Climbing a ladder is not as easy as it 
sounds. Many workers have been injured getting on or off a ladder. Workers have died from falls after losing their balance.

Identify controls

To use ladders safely, always maintain three points of contact. That means two hands and one foot or two feet and one hand on the ladder at all times.

• Put both hands firmly on the rungs before stepping onto a ladder.

• Break 3-point contact only when you reach the ground or a stable platform.
• Always face the ladder when you’re climbing up and down.

• Keep your body between the side rails. Don’t lean out on either side.

• Make sure that the ladder extends at least 900 millimetres (90 centimetres or 3 feet) above the top landing.

• There must be a clear space of at least 150
millimetres (6 inches) behind each rung.

  Moving quickly often results in only 2-point contact. You often have to make a conscious effort to maintain 3-point contact.

  Don’t carry tools, equipment, or material in your hands while climbing. Use a tool belt for small tools and a hoist line or gin wheel for lifting and lowering larger items.

  Clean mud, snow, and other slippery substances off your boots before climbing.

Ladder Safety

Your life literally can depend on knowing how to inspect, use, and care for ladders. Let’s spend a few minutes talking about the safe use of ladders.

Hazards to watch for:

Before using a ladder, inspect it. Look for:
  1. Loose or missing rungs or cleats.
  2. Loose nails, bolts, or screws.
  3. Cracked, broken, split, dented, or badly worn rungs, cleats, or side rails.
  4. Wood splinters.
  5. Corrosion of metal ladders or metal parts.

If you find a ladder in poor condition, don’t use it. Report it. It should be tagged and properly repaired or immediately destroyed.

Safe procedures:

Choose the right type and size ladder.
  • Be sure straight ladders are long enough so that the side rails extend above the top support point by at least 36”. Secure the ladder by tying it off.
  • Don’t set up ladders in areas such as doorways or walkways where they may be run into by others,unless they are protected by barriers. Keep the area around the top and base of the ladder clear. Don’t run hoses, extension cords, or ropes on a ladder and create an obstruction.
  • Never increase the height of a ladder by standing it on boxes, barrels, or other materials. Never splice two ladders together.
  • Don’t try to use a step ladder as a straight ladder.
  • Tie in, block, or otherwise secure the top of straight ladders to prevent them from being displaced.
  • To avoid slipping on a ladder, check your shoes for oil, grease, or mud and wipe it off before climbing.
  • Always face the ladder and hold on with both hands when climbing up or down. Don’t try to carry tools or materials with you.
  • Don’t lean out to the side when you’re on a ladder. If something is out of reach, get down and move the ladder over.
  • Most ladders are designed to hold only one person at a time. Two may cause the ladder to fail or throw it off balance.
  • Remember the 1 to 4 rule - the base of the ladder should be 1’ away from the wall or support for every 4’ of vertical extension.
Important key points for safe ladder use:
  • Pick the right ladder for the job you are going to do.
  • Make sure the ladder is in good condition.
  • Set up the ladder correctly.
  • Work safely on the ladder.

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