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Showing posts with label Manual Lifting. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Manual Lifting. Show all posts

SAFETY SERIES:– 6 | Safe Manual Handling Of Materials



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Research studies have established that about 40% of industrial accidents were related to material handling. In our company the accidents due to poor material handling practice amounts to about 40 to 50% of the accidents. Hence to avoid the recurrence of such incidents, follow the safe guidelines listed below.
  • When any heavy object is to be lifted and carried to another point, first inspect the area and route over which the object is to be carried. Be sure there is nothing in the way that might cause slipping or tripping.
  • Inspect the object to be lifted to determine how it should be grasped. Make sure it is free of sharp edges, protruding nail points, slivers or other hazards that might cause injury to the hands or body.
  • Ensure that the load share on the individual during lifting the material is less than 50kg.
  • When group of members handles the material, proper coordination should be established between them.
  • When handling sharp objects, like Stainless Steel car body panels, leather gloves should be used to avoid cut injuries.
  • When handling materials having burrs like wire ropes, leather gloves should be used.
  • Always engage persons having safety shoes to handle heavier materials.
  • Incorrect lifting methods require unnecessary effort and often cause strain or other types of injury. When it is necessary to lift any object, which is difficult for one person to handle, ask for help. The easy way to lift is actually the safe way to lift.
  • To ensure safe manual material handling, Always follow the material handling practice provided below to ensure safe handling.
  1. Get a secure footing.
  2. Bend at the knees to grasp the object.
  3. Ensure that the center of gravity of the lifting material is at the nearest possible distance from the body.
  4. Keep the back straight and as nearly upright as possible.
  5.  Get a firm hold.
  6. Lift gradually by straightening the legs, keeping the back as nearly straight as possible.

The same procedure should be observed when setting load down.

Toolbox Talk # 06 : LIFTING SAFETY

Toolbox Talk # 06

Manual Material Lifting

Back injuries are one of the most common injuries found at most of the workplace
. With this Toolbox Talk we will address proper lifting techniques, how to reduce the risk of a back injury and some other general safety tips.

  • Ensure that you are wearing proper clothing and PPE
    • Steel toe shoes should always be worn when lifting heavy items
    • Gloves are also recommended when lifting certain objects
  • Stretch before you attempt to lift a heavy object or at beginning of shift
  • If possible, store materials at waist height to reduce the strain on your back
  • Have materials delivered as close to final destination as possible
  • Assess the object you are going to be lifting
    • Determine the weight of the object before lifting
    • Determine best place to grip the object
  • Ensure that your travel path is free of slipping and tripping hazards
  • Know your own lifting restrictions and capabilities

Get Help:
  • Use carts, dollies, forklifts and hoists to move materials
  • When lifting a load more than 22kg (50 lbs), get help from an other worker
  • Use carrying tools with handles to carry odd-shaped loads
Proper Lifting Techniques:
  • Have your feet spread about shoulders-width apart.
  • Your feet should be close to the object.
  • Get a firm grip on the object.
  • Keep your back straight and elbows close to your body.
  • Keeping your back straight and head up, straighten your legs to lift object
  • At the same time tighten your stomach muscles to provide back support (Don’t hold your breath while doing this)
  • While carrying the object DO NOT twist or bend at the waist, move your feet and legs when turning.
  • Keep the load as close to your body as possible
  • To set the object down, use the same technique used to lift the object 

Other Useful Safety Tips:
  • Take your time! You are more likely to be injured when you are tired or cold
  • Lift as smoothly as possible, try not to “jerk” the lift
Group Discussion Topics:
  • Has anyone had a back injury? How could this have been prevented?
  • Are there common objects which you find yourself lifting frequently? Do you have specific procedures for lifting these objects?
  • Do you have access to material handling equipment? If no, can you obtain them?

Safety Seeds : Safety In Manual Handling

Topics:- Safety In Manual Handling

Improper ways of manual lifting may cause back pain, slip disc or painful hernia as it subjects the muscles of human body to varying degrees of stress and also there is a sharp increase in the pressure exerted on inter-vertebral disc of the spinal column.

The following six steps give proper method of manual lifting. The principles explained in these six steps apply equally to office or factory floor employees and to lifts involving light or heavy, large or small loads:

Step 1:- Position the Feet.

Place your feet body- width apart with one foot along side of the object and other slightly behind.

This position gives you good balance and wide enough base to perform the lift. The rear foot is in position for the up-ward thrust of the lift.

Step 2:- Straight back and bend knees.

Bend your knees and use the sit down position. Keep the back straight ("straight" does not mean vertical) Tighten your stomach muscles to help support your back. A straight back keeps the spine, back muscles and organ of the body in correct alignment.It minimizes the compression of the guts that can cause hernia.

Step 3:- Load close to the body.

Keep the load close to the body. Tuck your arm and elbows into the side of body. If you hold your arm away from the body they lose much of their strength and power. Keeping the arm tucked in helps keep body weight centered. Do not flex the elbows and raise the shoulders as this imposes unnecessary strain on the upper arm and chest muscles.

Steps 4:- Correct Grasp.

Get a "good hold" on the object. This means grasping with the roots of your finger, not just the tips, and ensuring contact between the object and the palm.
The fingers and the hand should be extended around the object you are going to lift. Use the full palm, finger alone have very little power.

Step 5:-

Tuck Your Chin In.

Tuck in the chin so your neck and head continue the straight back line and keep your spine straight and firm. Avoid bending your head down, Up, forward, back, side ways or in twisted position.
This chin-in action should be introduced immediately before lifting and maintained through the procedure.

Step 6:- Keep Body Weight Directly Over Feet & Lift With Legs.

Position body so that its weight is centered over the feet and lift by straightening the legs. 



Work may cause a back injury or it may aggravate a per-existing back problem. In either case, the resultant low back pain can be extremely disabling.

Listed are some good principles on manual material handling.

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Some of the important principles are:

Activate your core muscles.

  • To protect your spine, tighten your abdominal muscles. This will generally activate the rest of your core muscles.
Maintain the natural inward curve of your low back.

  • This curve has a tendency to flatten when you bend or sit, increasing the strain on the low back.
  • Looking forward (not down) during a lift helps to maintain this curve.
Keep objects that you are lifting or carrying close to your body.
  • The farther the object is from your body, the greater the strain will be.
  • Slide objects close to you before lifting them.
  • When squatting to lift, do not let your knees get between yourself and the load? If the load is not too wide, spread your knees apart so you can bring the load close to your belly.
Work with your upper body as close to upright as possible.

Leaning forwards or sideways puts extra strain on your back. Wherever possible:
  • Position items that you handle so that your hands are in the safe lifting zone (between mid-thigh and shoulder height).
  • Keep loads that you must handle manually off of the floor (unless their handles are in the safe lifting zone).
  • For low-level work, bend your knees, squat or kneel. Consider a longer handled tool.
If you can't work upright, resting a hand or elbow on your knee or another object will take some of the load off of your back. Other objects that you could lean on:
  • A nearby table or chair.
  • The top of a deep container into which you must reach.
  • Any surface within a comfortable reach.
Minimize twisting of your spine.
  • Move your feet or swivel your chair instead of twisting at the waist or neck, so that your hips and shoulders are facing in the same direction.
Push, don't pull, whenever possible.
  • Pulling an object you are facing puts more strain on back muscles than pushing it. Exceptions:
  • Some objects don’t move as easily when pushed, especially when terrain is bumpy or rough.
  • Pushing may not be safe if the object you are pushing obstructs your vision and you can’t see where you are going.
  • If you must pull something, try to use 2 hands to avoid twisting.
Use sudden quick movements with care. 
  • If not performed carefully, sudden quick movements will put more strain on your back than moving more slowly (e.g., avoid jumping from loading docks or high vehicles).
  • Unexpected movements are more likely to cause injuries than deliberate movements.
  • Wear shoes with good traction and support and keep-walking surfaces clear to avoid slips, trips or falls.
  • Make sure objects you are moving do not shift during transport.
  • Proper storage will minimize injuries related to sudden movements to catch falling objects. 
Use a footrest for prolonged standing.
  • A footrest can be used to help avoid static postures.
  • Vary standing postures by shifting body weight from both to one or the other leg.
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TBT - Safe Lifting Techniques

TBT - Safe Lifting Techniques 

Can you think of even one job or occupation where you never have to lift an object? I can't. Lifting of objects can range from very light objects such as a piece of paper, a pin or a pen to very heavy objects like loads of boxes. 

Lifting is very much a part of our every day jobs. And, because it is something we do so often, we tend to do it without thinking, or at least we do until we strain a muscle, or worse, hurt our backs.
Lifting incorrectly can result in a variety of injuries. Back strain is a very common one. It results from over-stretching certain muscles, but it can be avoided by practicing safe lifting techniques. A hernia is another injury associated with lifting. A hernia does not generally result from a single lifting effort. It is usually the result of continued extreme exertion, especially done contrary to the structure of body.
Don't underestimate the importance of being in good physical condition. Years of poor posture, overeating, lack of exercise, stress and improper lifting can catch up with you. Learn how your back works and what you can do to keep it strong. Ask for your physician's recommended stretching, warm-up, and reconditioning exercises; then practice them regularly. 
Safe lifting plays an important role in keeping your back healthy. Although there doesn't seem to be just one right method to lift an object, there are lifting techniques that take strain off the low back area. 
These techniques have several steps in common. They recommend you "size up the load". That is, look it over. Decide if you can handle it alone or if you need help. When in doubt, ask for help. Moving a box or other object that is too heavy for one person is not worth strained and sore back muscles. 
You should also "size up the area". Look over the area where you are carrying the object to, and make sure it is clear of obstacles before beginning to carry the object. 
For that period of time spent lifting, the load becomes a part of your body. You support and propel the object while it is attached to you. This attachment should be firm and sure. Get a good grip. 
Attaching yourself to a load will change your balance. To keep this change of balance to a minimum, keep the load close to your body, to your normal center of gravity between the legs, between the shoulders. 
Good foot position allows you to keep your balance and bring into play the full power of your leg muscles. Leg muscles are more powerful and more durable than back muscles. Let your leg muscles do the work. Again, footwork is important once you avoid twisting your upper body. Use your feet to change direction. Don't twist your body. Twisting compounds the stress of the lift and affects your balance.
When you have someone helping you lift an object, teamwork becomes important. If you're going to be carrying the load to another point, both of you should decide in advance how it is to be handled. Check the route and clearance. One person should be the leader and be in a position to observe and direct the other. Lifting and lowering should be done in unison. Don't let the load drop suddenly without warning your partner. 
Everyone has a way of lifting that seems most natural. Examine yours to see if you are using lifting techniques that reduce strain on your lower back. As the employee making the lift, you're being counted on to make lifts that are safe and comfortable for you based on the items we've discussed: 
  • Stay in shape
  • Size up the load; ask for help, if needed
  • Get a good grip
  • Keep the load close
  • Keep your balance with footwork
  • Let your leg muscles do the work
  • Don't twist your body




Most of you have probably heard that in order to lift safely, you must lift properly. You're told to "bend your knees not your back," and "don't twist as you lift." This is good advice but sometimes seems to go against human nature. Yet, there are actions you can take to help you lift properly


1. Get as close to the load as possible. The further the load is from the center line of your body, the greater the strain imposed on your back. If need be, squat down to lift the load and pull it between your legs. This gets it closer to the center of your body and helps prevent the need to bend at the waist. However, since your leg muscles are the largest muscles in your body, they are the biggest energy consumers. Repeated squatting can be very fatiguing, and reduces a person's ability to lift in this manner for any length of time. In addition to lifting the load, you are also hoisting the majority of your body weight. For repeated lifting, other strategies must be used.


2. Avoid picking up heavy objects placed below your kneesTry to see that heavy objects are placed and stored above knee level and below shoulder level. If you suspect the load is too heavy to be lifted comfortably, do not chance it. Use a mechanical aid, break the load down into its component parts, or get help. The most common cause of back injury is overloading.


3. Keep your back straightThis means don't bend at the waist when reaching to lift an object. Keep the natural arch in your lower back, which distributes the load evenly over the surface of spinal disks, and is less stressful than if the disk is pinched between vertebras. Bending principally from the hips is acceptable if you maintain the arch in your back, rather than bending at the waist.

Image result for Get as close to the load as possibleImage result for Get as close to the load as possible


4. Glue your hand to your thigh. If you carry a load in one hand, such as when carrying a tool box, place your free hand on the outside of your thigh and mentally "glue" it into position. This will help you maintain correct back alignment rather than lifting and tilting to one side. When carrying a heavy load, side bending can be just as stressful to the spine as bending forward.


5. Tighten your stomach muscles. This technique helps prevent your spine from twisting. If you lift a load and need to place it off to one side, turn by moving your feet. After repeated lifts you might find yourself getting a bit sloppy and forgetting to move your feet. You can overcome this tendency if the place you set the load down is at least one step away from where it is lifted. If you wear a back support belt, wear it low on your trunk and loosen it when you are not lifting.


6. Stay in good physical condition. A protruding stomach is an extra load carried away from the center line of the body, and prevents you from keeping a lifted object close-the number one rule for back care. When you bend at the waist to lift, due to the leverage principal, the load is up to 10 times heavier than its actual weight. A "pot belly" puts extra, stressful weight on the spine.


7. Stretch and loosen up before work. Research has shown that trunk flexibility and mobility is significantly lower in the morning than later in the day, increasing the number and severity of back strains at this time. A few minutes of stretching can warm up cold stiff muscles and tendons and help you avoid an injury. All professional athletes know this-"industrial athletes" should too!

Most of you have probably heard that in order to lift safely, you must lift properly. You're told to "bend your knees not your back," and "don't twist as you lift." This is good advice but sometimes seems to go against human nature. Yet, there are actions you can take to help you lift properly
Image result for Get as close to the load as possible

Image result for Get as close to the load as possible

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