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Showing posts with label Safety Awareness. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Safety Awareness. Show all posts

NO SHORTCUT TO SAFETY

Topic: Safety Awareness 

NO SHORTCUT TO SAFETY

 

Safety Videos


Everyone takes a shortcut at one time or another. You cross the street between\ intersections instead of using the crosswalk or jump a fence instead of using the gate. But in many cases, a shortcut can involve danger.


If you have the habit of taking dangerous shortcuts, break it. At work, it can be deadly. An iron worker who tried to cross an opening by swinging on reinforcing rods, slipped and fell 20 feet onto a concrete floor. If he had taken a few moments to walk around the opening, he’d still be tying the rods.

If you are told to go to a particular work area, your supervisor expects you to take the safe route, not the shorter, hazardous one. If there isn’t a safe way to get where you need to go, let your supervisor know. The supervisor will see to it that you are provided a safe means of access. It’s your responsibility to avoid dangerous shortcuts and to warn against anyone else you see taking them.

Even if the job will only take a few minutes, it isn’t worth risking your safety and health for those few minutes. 
  • Wear personal protection to safeguard your body parts. 
  • Use proper, well-maintained equipment. 
Don’t improvise to save time. Ladders, steps, and walkways are built to insure your safety, as well as your convenience. Use them. Don’t go from one elevation to another by climbing a column or sliding down a rope. The safest way isn’t always the shortest way, but it’s the surest way.


SHORT-CUTS MAY CUT SHORT YOUR LIFE


Scaffold - Safety Tips to Reduce Accidents


Scaffold - Safety Tips to Reduce Accidents

 
When scaffolds are not erected or used properly, fall hazards can occur. Throughout the world several thousands of  construction workers frequently work on scaffolds every day. Protecting these workers from scaffold-related accidents would prevent many workers getting injured or fatal each year.

 

Take these steps to help protect workers and reduce accidents:


  1. Follow industry guidelines for erecting scaffolds: verify that each scaffold and its components is capable of supporting, without failure, its own weight and at least four times the maximum intended load.
  2. Inspect scaffolds daily before use; check footing, guard rails, connectors, fastening, tie-ins and bracing.
  3. Do not use unstable objects such as barrels, boxes, loose bricks, or concrete blocks to support scaffolds or planks.
  4. Fully plank platforms on all working levels.
  5. Install guardrails and toe-boards on all open sides and ends of platforms on scaffolding over 10 feet above floor or ground.
  6. If a scaffold is more than two feet above or below a level, provide adequate access, such as a ramp, ladder, or steps.
  7. Do not erect, use, dismantle, alter or move scaffolds so they, or any conductive material handled on them, might come closer than 10 feet to energized overhead power lines.
  8. Obtain scaffold user training prior to working on scaffolding.
  9. Inspect all scaffolds prior to use or at least on a daily basis.
  10.  Erect and dismantle under the direction of a scaffold competent person.

Injury Prevention : Make a Personal Safety Challenge


Injury Prevention : Make a Personal Safety Challenge


 
Safety needs to be a major priority in your life, both at work and at home. The bottom line is that injuries hurt. They hurt you, they hurt the company and they can even hurt others who care about you. Remaining injury free should be a personal goal. Challenge yourself to work hard at being safe.



Prevent injury for yourself:-  First and foremost, you should be interested in your own personal safety. Without a firm belief that safety does really matter and a firm commitment to take deliberate actions, you will never be as safe as you could be. So accept the safety challenge and do your part to see it through.

Reduce your own risk:-  Remaining safe is really a matter of understanding the hazards of your work environment, understanding your exposures to those hazards, then working to eliminate or reduce either one or both. Think of this as the “risk equation.”

Hazard x Exposure = Risk:-  While it’s not possible to eliminate risk entirely, we can significantly reduce risk by reducing hazards and exposures to those hazards. Challenge yourself to learn about and practice safety at every opportunity. This deliberate approach is the best way to remain injury free.

Report unsafe working conditions:-  Be observant. You may be the first person to notice a bad electric cord, a faulty ladder, a liquid spill, or something else that is unsafe. When you see an unsafe condition, correct it right away or report it to your supervisor. If the hazard is likely to cause injury, immediately safeguard it to the best of your ability so nobody gets hurt until it can be fixed or eliminated.

Teach other employees:-  Help coworkers be as safe as you are. Share what you’ve learned. Practice what you know about safety so others feel confident in your advice and follow your lead. Make it obvious that safety is a very important part of your work life.

Continually improve:-  Look for opportunities for improvement in your personal safety. Maybe you can improve how you lift, or how you pre-plan a task for safety. Or maybe you could improve safety off the job, too. Consider one or two areas where you could improve, then make a personal commitment to do so.


Let’s take a minute to go around the group and talk about one thing we could each do to improve our personal safety.

Safety Awarness : Slip Trip and Fall


Slips, Trips, and Falls

 
In the workplace, slips, trips, and fall hazards put workers safety at risk and cost employers, (compensation claims, regulatory fines, lost productivity, and other administrative expenses). Organizations that take proper safety precautions can keep workers safe and facilities in compliance with Illegal regulation and standards. 

Many work fatalities involving slips, trips, and falls. Many employees in private industry, state, and local government missed one or more days of work due to injuries from falls. Employees risk fatal or debilitating injuries when they slip, trip, or take a fall at work.
 

Good housekeeping can keep work areas and walkways free from spills, obstructions, and other risks. Combining housekeeping with organization systems such as 5S will keep work areas safe and productivity high for workers and employers.

Slip Hazard

A slip happens when there is insecure footing resulting in a loss of balance. For example, ice forms on the ground in the winter creating a walkway surface with reduced traction and friction. This can create a slip risk for a pedestrian. In the workplace, oil spilled on a smooth surface reduces traction and friction, which can cause a slip hazard.
 

Common causes of slips:

  • Wet products or spills on smooth walking surfaces (water, mud, grease, oil, food, etc.)
  • Dry products or spills on walking surfaces (dusts, powders, granules, wood, etc.)
  • Highly-polished floors (concrete, marble, ceramic tile)
  • Sloped walking surfaces and ramps without slip resistant surfaces
  • Loose floorboards, tiles, or irregular surfaces
  • Wet, muddy or greasy shoes
  • Transitioning from one surface to another (e.g. grid to smooth concrete) 
  • Freshly-waxed surfaces
  • Weather hazards

Trip Hazard

A trip occurs when there is a loss of balance resulting from contact with an object. This causes the person to lose balance and fall, which can result in injury. For example, a distracted employee could trip and fall over debris, an electrical cord, boxes, or an uneven rug in a walkway causing injury.
 

Common causes of trips:
  • Uncovered hoses, cables, wires or extension cords across aisles or walkways
  • Clutter and obstacles in aisles, walkways, and work areas
  • Unanchored or curled rugs or mats
  • Changes in elevation or levels (e.g. unmarked steps or ramps)
  • Uneven, irregular walking surfaces (e.g. gaps in floor, missing tiles)
  • Damaged, non-uniform steps
  • Debris, accumulated waste materials
  • Trailing cables, pallets, tools in gangways
  • Objects protruding from walking surface

Fall Hazard

A fall happens when there is a failed or missing support. Falls, which can happen on the same level, or from one level to another. Non-slip or trip-related falls stem from breaking through a damaged or non-weight-bearing surface or stepping toward a platform that isn’t there. For example, a worker could fall off a ladder from stepping on a broken rung causing injury.
 

Leading factors that cause fall hazards are:
  • Floor mats and runners
  •  Objects obstructing walkways
  • Floor irregularities and damage
  • Lighting inadequacies
  • Stairs and railings
  • Steps tools and ladders
  • Scaffolding
  • Unprotected edges and openings

Safety Awareness : Noise at Work Place

 

Safety Awareness : Noise at Work Place

 

  1. What is Noise : 
    • We are surrounded by sound all the time- We use it as a means of communication and as a source of entertainment ( Music)..etc. without it, we may become disoriented. However, in certain circumstances, it can be an intense irritation and a considerable hazard at work. In such circumstances, unwanted sound is usually referred to as Noise. The Major problem associated with noise is hearing damage, but it can also cause disturbance which can impair efficiency, and interfere with communication which can increase the risk of accident, and stress.
  2. Health effects of Noise at Work: 
    • Noise at work can cause hearing loss which can be temporary or permanent. The danger depends on how loud the noise is and how long people are exposed to it. Generally , permanent damage to hearing is irreversible and there is no cure for hearing impairment. People often experience temporary deafness after leaving a noisy place. Although hearing recovers within a few hours, this should not be ignored. It is a sign that if you continue to be exposed to the noise, your hearing could be permanently damaged. The damage is usually gradual. By the time you notice that you have difficulty in hearing, it’s too late. Hearing loss is not the only problem. People may develop tinnitus ( ringing, whistling, buzzing or humming in the ears, a distressing condition which can lead to disturbed sleep. Noise can also be a safety hazard at work, interfering with communication and making warnings harder to hear
  3. How Can I Tell If I am losing my hearing:- 
    • Hearing loss is usually gradual because of prolonged exposure to noise. It may only be when damage caused by noise over the years combine with hearing loss due to ageing that people realise how deaf they have become. 
    • In the following cases , you can consider that you have already lost some hearing power :- 
      • You have difficulty following conversation, Find it difficult to catch sound like ‘t’ , ‘d’ and ‘s’ , So you confuse similar words. 
      • You frequently ask people to repeat when they have said 
      • You have difficulty following conversation over the phone 
      • You frequently ask for the television volume to be tuned up
  4.  Do you have Noise Problem at Work 
    1. As a simple guide, you will probably need to do something about the noise if any of the following apply :- 
      • Do your employees have to raise their voice to carry out a normal conversation when about two meter apart.?  
      • Do your employees use noisy powered Tools or machinery ?  
      • Do you work in a noisy industry ? Are there noises due to impacts ( Such as hammering, pneumatic impact tools, explosive sources such as catridge operated Tools ?
    2. Note : The above is not a complete list, but some examples to show that you have noise problem at your work
  5. How Noise is measured ? What is the Unit ? Exposure Limits ?
    • Generally, Noise is measured in decibels (dB). 
    • An ‘A-Weighting’ sometimes written as ‘dB(A)’ is used to measure average noise levels, and a ‘C-Weighing’ or ‘dB(C)’ , to measure peak, impact or explosive noises. 
    • We measure the Noise using sound level Meter .As per standard code of Construction Safety practice, the contractor shall not expose the employees in the work place to noise levels higher than specified by the standard code . It is 85 dBA in eight hours per day 
  6. Typical Noise Levels
  7. How can I Control Noise ?
    • We can reduce the noise at our workplace by our proper planning according to the basic noise control Techniques in the order of preference, as below :-

  • Noise Reduction at Source : This can be done by elimination or substitution of process or equipment producing Noise ( Eg: Renting or buying quieter equipment, Diesel/petrol Engines replaced by electric motor, pneumatic tools replaced by electric Tools…etc)
  • Isolation : In many cases, the best method of noise control is to erect enclosures around machines ( It reduces the amount of noise emitted into the workplace or environment.
  • Apply Engineering Control Measures : Examples are absorption & Insulation, Damping, Silencing..etc
    • Absorption & Insulation : By providing sound absorbing/Insulating material on walls of the room ,where noise producing machines are placed, we can reduce the overall noise levels in the adjacent rooms significantly.
    • Damping : By providing anti-vibration damper/rubber mountings on a machine, we can reduce the noise level considerably. (Eg: Putting rubber feet around the leg of machines)
    • Silencing : Eg: Provision of silencer on the car exhaust.
  • Design and Layout of the work place : Such as keeping noisy machinery and processes away from quieter areas; Design the workflow to keep noisy machinery out of areas where people spend most of their time
  • Apply Administrative Controls : Like limiting the time spent in noisy areas –every halving of the time spent in a noisy area will reduce noise by 3 dB
  • Hearing Protection : Hearing protection should be issued to employees 
    • Where extra protection is needed above what has been achieved using noise control 
    • As a short- term measure while other methods of controlling noise are being developed.
      • You should not use hearing protection as an alternative to controlling noise by other means as above. Wear hear protection such as earplugs and earmuffs. It is important to choose the right hearing protection for the condition you face. Make sure that hearing protection fits properly, but ensure that hearing protection does not block out too much sound, Otherwise, it can interfere with safety communication-such as alarms or warning signals.
        • Ear Muff- Consists of sound-attenuating material and soft ear cushions that fit around the ear and the hard outer cups. They are held together by a head a band.
        • Ear Plug- is inserted to block the ear canal. They may be pre-moulded ( Preformed) or mouldable (Foam ear plugs). Ear Plugs are sold as disposable products or reusable plugs. Custom made Ear Plugs are also available



Remember : We know prevention is better than Cure. But in the case of noise Induced hearing Loss, there is no chances of Cure , It is permanent and irreversible. So, better to take preventive measures.


Safety Awareness : Energy Tips - Save Energy

Safety Awareness : Energy Tips - Save Energy

Safety Videos


Environmental responsibility is everyone’s responsibility. Reduce your carbon footprint! Leaving your car at home twice a week can cut greenhouse gas emissions by 2500 KG per year. Save up errands and shopping trips so you need to drive fewer times.

If you commute to work, ask if you can work from home at least some days(Holidays work), and you'll reduce air pollution and traffic congestion - and save money.


It's electric! You can check how much of your electricity comes from renewable "green" power sources, such as wind or solar. Green power produces less carbon emissions, reduces air pollution, and helps protect against future costs or scarcity of fossil fuels. If green power is a consumer option, check price differences from suppliers before you buy


Don't idle! Remind your office system to turn off bus engines when buses are parked. Exhaust from idling buses can pollute air in and around the bus, and can enter office buildings through air intakes, doors, and open windows. Constant idling also wastes fuel and money, and bus engines really need only a few minutes to warm up.

Safety Videos



Tread lightly! Use public transportation, carpool, walk, or bike whenever possible to reduce air pollution and save on fuel costs.
Make your home an Energy Star! When you do home maintenance, also do a home energy audit to find out how you can save money by making your home more energy efficiency. And if every home replaced just one conventional light bulb with a compact fluorescent light bulb, we would save enough energy to light more than 3 million homes a year.

Recycle it! Take your old computer, DVD player, or other electronics to an electronics recycling center. Reusing and recycling materials like copper, gold, and others saves natural resources and reduces mining and processing. recycling also helps avoid land, air, and water pollution by capturing and reusing hazardous substances such as lead or chromium.


Everyone can make a difference! You can study links between everyday actions at your work spot, greenhouse gas emissions, and climate change. Become a "climate ambassador" leader in your office or neighborhood and motivate friends, schools, and community leaders. Talk to you friends - help spread the word!
 

Safety Awareness : What Do Your Workers Really Think About Safety?

Safety Awareness : What Do Your Workers Really Think About Safety?


A safety perception survey can tell you if management and employees are on the same page about EHS efforts.

The president of a large construction company walks a prospective client through a job site, displaying the work his crews are performing. When the prospect asks about safety, the president beams and talks about the top-to-bottom safety program. Two workers within earshot exchange glances and sneer. Another feels his heart race as he ascends a ladder.

Meanwhile, the management team at a manufacturer is trying to determine why their workers' compensation coverage is going up substantially, driven by higher-than-normal recordable injuries. The vice president of production shakes his head. “I don't get it. We've put so much money and effort into implementing a safety program, but more people are getting hurt.”

In both cases, the companies would benefit from the same thing: a safety perception survey. It's a fairly easy tactic that can provide an amazing amount of insight and useful information.

WHAT IS A SAFETY PERCEPTION SURVEY?


In simple terms, a safety perception survey is a research tool that delivers an honest appraisal of worker attitudes about safety and a company's safety culture. For companies that have never analyzed what workers think about efforts to keep them safe, it can be a revealing process. For companies with well-established safety cultures, surveys provide a way to verify that measures are working, as well as an early warning of areas of concern.


Think of a safety perception survey like the dipstick in your car's engine. Although you're pretty confident that you have enough oil in your crankcase, you'll take a few seconds now and then to check that dipstick to make sure the level hasn't slipped and the oil hasn't become dirty.

Safety perception surveys can be customized to suit each client's needs. Surveys can be very specific or very broad — it all depends on what the client wants to learn. In some cases, they want to get to the root of a specific problem, but in others, they just want a better sense of how well their safety programs are working.

PERCEPTION IS REALITY


You may believe that you've developed the world's greatest safety program and that you've addressed every issue at every level. But if the people who actually are doing the work in the field don't believe that you have a strong safety program, you don't have one. Period.

That's why it's important to survey employees at all levels of your company's operations, so you can identify how perceptions differ between populations. Typically, we'll break surveys into three groups — the folks in the field who are doing the hands-on work; a mid-level management group that may include supervisors and foremen; and the people in upper management. We ask the same questions to all three groups and compare their response rates.

Usually, the higher an individual is on the organization chart, the more optimistic he or she will be about the company's program. After all, upper management understands the program's intent and sees its cost, so it must be working well, right? Mid-level managers tend to have a more practical view and provide more critical feedback on actual implementation. When you get down to the line workers, they'll tell you what really happens each day.

While differences in perception are to be expected, they also can provide clues. If the gap is within about 15 percentage points, it's probably not a big deal. But if there's a larger disparity between any two levels, it may be a sign of trouble.

SURVEY FORMATS


The problem with any kind of research is that a flawed survey is going to produce flawed results. We've found that the most effective approach is to develop a list of simple statements that can be answered with a “yes” or a “no.” For example, a statement could be “I have received specific safety training for the work tasks I routinely perform.”

In addition to saving time, that approach particularly is well-suited for line workers, because it makes answering each item as easy as circling their choices. Because they only have to decide between “yes” or “no,” their answers typically will be more immediate and honest.

It's important to ensure that the statements are simple, clear and concise, so that they are not subject to misinterpretation. Be especially careful if you have workers whose command of English is limited, because they may not fully understand the statement. If you have statements translated, be sure that the translation conveys the same intent, because literal translations may have wildly different meanings.

If your employees all have access to computers, you can collect information online through tools such as Survey Monkey. But no matter how you plan to collect the data, make sure you're asking for the right information and using statements than can't be misinterpreted.

KEEPING IT HONEST


Employers sometimes are concerned that their workers may not provide honest answers, and some workers may be hesitant to provide negative feedback if they believe it might be used against them. Using a third party to conduct your survey is one way to minimize those problems. Another is to design the survey in a way that builds confidence, such as having the employee place the finished survey in an unmarked envelope that then is sealed.

Here again, the approach using simple statements and circled answers encourages honesty, because employees won't worry that their handwriting may be recognized.

SHARE THE KNOWLEDGE


It's important to ensure that everyone who participates in the survey is made aware of the results. Some companies are hesitant to share what they perceive as negative information, but remember: If it came from a survey of your workers, they already know about it.

Sharing a summary of the results assures them that their opinions were heard, and that you value their contributions enough to be candid with them. It also sends the message that you aren't going to whitewash the results. Plus, the next time you conduct a survey, employees will be far more willing to participate.

A STARTING POINT


Companies usually will see some very clear conclusions coming from a safety perception survey, but in many cases, the survey only will call attention to issues that deserve additional study. For example, if we see a surprising gap on a question, we may go back and interview employees to gather additional insight.

Sometimes, the answers mean the opposite of what the company might think. Take “I'll act differently when I know that a safety inspection is being undertaken on my job site.” Although managers tend to view a “yes” answer as favorable, it's really a negative, because it suggests that the workers consider safety only when they're being watched. That means the company's safety inspections may not be as accurate as previously believed.

NOT A ONE-TIME THING


Safety perception surveys are most effective when they're part of an ongoing process. The initial survey can serve as a baseline for future surveys, giving the company a way to assess the impact of corrective efforts and to verify the continued success of the safety function. Conducting surveys once a year will provide excellent data for fine tuning your safety program and enhancing your overall safety culture.

Safety Awareness : Working Alone Shouldn't Mean Working at Risk


Working Alone Shouldn't Mean Working at Risk


Millions of employees work away from their employer's location. If some of them are yours, although you don't see them every day, you're still responsible for their safety and health.
Many workers perform their jobs on the road, at client's sites, in home offices, and other locations distant from your workplace. Some, like security guards and night maintenance employees, may work in and around your facility but still work alone.


"Employers have to realize that they remain primarily responsible for their worker's safety and health regardless of where the work is performed."
Many believe that once they dispatch workers to a third-party location, the individual in charge of that site is responsible for overseeing and monitoring the employee's safety. "That's simply not the case," Abrams says.


Familiar Formula

The Occupational Safety and Health suggests a familiar approach for protecting off-site workers:
  1. Identify hazards of the work
  2. Assess the risks involved
  3. Put measures in place to avoid or control risks


Control Measures


Control measures can include instruction, training, supervision, PPE, and communication systems. Be sure to talk to workers directly about the risks they encounter and periodically conduct a more formal risk assessment.


To help determine if someone working alone is safe, ask the following questions:
  • Does the workplace present a special risk to the worker?
  • Is there a safe way in and out?
  • Can temporary access equipment (such as portable ladders) be handled safely by one person?
  • Are there chemicals or hazardous substances in use that may pose a risk to the worker?
  • Does the job involve lifting objects too large for one person? 
  • Is more than one person needed to operate essential controls for the safe operation of equipment or workplace transport?
  • Is there a risk of violence?
  • Are young, pregnant, or disabled employees at risk if they work alone?
  • If the lone worker's first language is not English, are there arrangements to ensure clear communication, especially in an emergency?
  • Is the worker medically fit to work alone
Once these questions are answered, you should also do the following:
  • Establish a check-in procedure.
  • Provide a backup or buddy system when risk assessment shows it is not possible for the work to be done safely by one person.
  • Inform the employer at a site where one of your employees is working of risks and control measures needed.
  • Recognize that some high-risk activities cannot be performed solo. Examples include confined space work and electrical work near exposed live conductors
  • Have employees meet clients in a safe location if there is a risk of violence.
  • Instruct distant employees to keep a cell phone available at all times and to avoid entering any place or situation that feels unsafe.

Elevator Safety Guidelines


Elevator Safety Guidelines



 You SHOULD:

  • Watch your step when entering or exiting an elevator.
  • Stand aside and allow exiting passengers to get off before entering.
  • Push and hold the DOOR OPEN button if doors need to be held open for someone approaching to get on; don't hold open using your arms or feet.
  • Use the stairs if there is a fire in the building or other situation that could lead to a disruption in electrical service. Elevator shafts are often not sealed and act as a chimney when fire is present.
  • Check the posted capacity of elevators and not get onto an elevator that is already at capacity. Wait for the next elevator if the car is full or if there is not enough room to stand comfortably in the elevator cabin.
  • Discourage unsafe behavior by others in and around elevators.
  • Report elevator vandalism promptly to the Department of Public Safety; reports may be submitted anonymously.
  • Report any elevator‐related accidents promptly to the Department of Public Safety.
  • Push the alarm button and as many floor buttons as possible if you suspect trouble or are attacked so that the elevator will stop quickly at the next floor. Don't get into an elevator with someone who makes you feel uneasy.



You Should NEVER:

  • Interfere with closing doors. Wait for the next elevator.
  • Attempt to pry open elevator doors.
  • Attempt to enter the hoist-way outside the elevator cabin.
  • Jump up and down.
  • Cram into an elevator that is exceeding its capacity; actively discourage anyone else from cramming into an elevator.
  • Block the doors open with any kind of equipment or box, or with your foot or arm. In newer elevators, holding the doors open will cause the elevator to “time out” and shut down as a safety feature. In that situation, a mechanic must reset the controller to re‐start the elevator. Use the DOOR OPEN button on the floor selector panel to hold doors open longer than the normal timing sequence allows.



If the Elevator Is Not Working and You Are Inside

  • When the elevator stops, first try the DOOR OPEN button. If the doors won't open, ring the ALARM button and wait for assistance. Use the emergency phone if one is available.
  • Remain calm and communicate with those outside. Cell phones may work inside an elevator. If you have one and it is receiving a signal, call the elevator costumer service no. displayed inside the elevator or call Department of Public Safety at 112. If you do not have a cell phone, ask those outside the elevator to make the call.
  • Sit down and stay in the elevator, away from the doors, in case rescue personnel open them.  


NEVER ATTEMPT TO CRAWL, JUMP OR CLIMB OUT OF AN ELEVATOR BETWEEN FLOORS

  • Never attempt to get off a stalled elevator without emergency personnel present.
  • Do not attempt to exit an elevator that is not properly aligned with a floor unless there are emergency personnel present to assist in evacuation.



Residents or students who tamper with or abuse any of residence hall elevator equipment or controls or who create an unsafe environment for themselves or others in or around elevators are in violation of community living standards and will be subject to the Housing conflict resolution process.

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