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Showing posts with label Safety Seeds. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Safety Seeds. Show all posts

Safety Seeds : Road Safety : Guidelines for Children

Topics : Road Safety - Guideline for Children

Guidelines for Children

The advice given below on crossing the road is especially for children. Children should be taught the safety code and should not be allowed on the road alone until they can understand and follow it properly. Children learn by example, so parents and teachers should always follow the Code properly when going out with their children. They are responsible for deciding at what age children can use it safely by themselves.

While Walking to School :
  • Always walk on the footpath only. On roads without footpath, walk on the extreme right hand side of the roads.
  • Do not be impatient on the road. Do not rush or run on the road.
  • Cross only at Zebra crossings, traffic signals, subways, foot over-bridges. Where such facilities do not exist, look for a safe place to cross.
  • At the signal lights, cross only on a clear green signal. If an intersection is controlled by a policeman, traffic warden or RSP cadet, cross only when he signals you to do so.
  • When crossing between vehicles parked on the side of the road, remember that you are not visible to the moving traffic (because the parked vehicles may be taller than you). Stop as you appear from behind the vehicle and look for a safe gap before crossing. Remember, drivers need plenty of time to see you and to slow down and stop.
  • While crossing wide roads that have central islands, always cross in two stages. Cross to the central Island , stop, and cross when the next section is clear.
  • While crossing one-way streets, remember that the traffic will usually be moving in a number of lanes and at higher speeds. Do not cross unless all lanes are clear.
  • Never cross a road at a corner/curve, as the motorist taking the turn will not be able to see you in time.
  • Running across the road is a bad idea, as you may slip and fall.

While going by bus:
  • Leave home well in time, so that you won't have to run to catch the bus.
  • At the bus stand, always follow the queue. Board the bus only after it has come to a halt, without rushing in or pushing others.
  • While in the bus, shouting or making a noise is definitely bad manners. Such behavior can also distract the driver.
  • Do not board or alight at a bus stop other than the one decided by the school. Never board and alight at a red light crossing or unauthorized bus stop.
  • Always hold onto the handrail if standing in a moving bus, especially on sharp turns.
  • Do not sit, stand or travel on the footboard of the bus.
  • Do not put any part of your body outside a moving or stationary bus.
  • Always adhere to the bus safety rules.

Guidelines for parents of school children:
  • Parents are equally responsible for the safety of their children during school journeys.
  • They must ensure that the mode of transport arranged by school or by themselves is absolutely safe.
  • Parents must play the role of vigilant observers. They should note down violations committed by school buses and immediately report to the authorities.
  • Parents must participate in P.T.A. meetings and discuss the safety aspects of their children.
  • While taking their children to school themselves, they should take proper care of their safety.
  • Parents must ensure that the children acquire the right knowledge and skills for safe use of roads. They should teach their children the basic rules of the road, how to walk and cross the road, how to alight and board a bus etc.
  • Parents should not allow their minor children to drive.
  • Parents must also ensure that the right attitude for a law abiding citizen is imparted to their children by the family.
  • Children are very good observers and therefore, parents must set an example by meticulously observing even small traffic rules.

Guidelines for teachers for ensuring safety of school children:

It is the responsibility of school authorities and the teachers to ensure the safety of school children and also to impart the necessary knowledge, skills and attitude to be a safe road user.

Teachers should help develop a responsible attitude towards road use in school children.
Teachers should impart essential knowledge about roads and traffic to school children, by:
  • Making them familiar with the rules of road and their importance.
  • By explaining them the causes of accidents involving pedestrians, cyclists and children.
  • Telling them about the cause and extent of pollution due to traffic.

Children come to school in various modes of transport. Teachers should ensure that:
  • The children enter and leave the school safely.
  • There is no conflict between pedestrians and vehicles.
  • The vehicles including school buses are parked safely and properly.

Essentials for a School Bus as ordered by the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India:

  • "School Bus" must be written on the back and front of the Bus.
  • If it is a hired bus, "On School Duty" should be clearly indicated
  • Bus must have a First-Aid-Box.
  • The windows of Bus must be fitted with horizontal grills.
  • There must be a Fire Extinguisher in the Bus.
  • School Name and Telephone No. must be written on the Bus.
  • The doors of the Bus should be fitted with reliable locks.
  • To keep School Bags safely, there should be a space fitted under the seats.
  • There must be an Attendant from the School in the Bus.
  • Any parent/guardian or a teacher may also travel to ensure these safety norms.

The above mentioned points as directed by the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India are mandatory for all school buses. For further details, School managements can contact their nearest Traffic Inspector.

Safety Seeds : Hearing Conservation Program


The managements should carry out hearing conservation program in their factory where noise exposure is prevailing greater than 90 db. Such program can be prevented from ‘Noise induced hearing loss’.

Following methods can be applied for control or reduction of Noise

  • Control of noise at the source through good engineering design 
  • Substitution by less noise processes such as welding instead of riveting, grinding instead or clipping etc
  • Isolation – shifting of noise machine to area where few people work or not spread up noise in any other shop floor, well insulated part ion and tighten-closing doors may be installed for the noisy areas. 
  • Application of sound absorption material on the walls.
  • Use of ear protectors such as ear plugs and ear muffs. 
  • Rotation of personnel.

 Noise levels is some industries in India

Compressors                   95-110      (A)                                                                               

Diesel generator              96-118     (A)
Textile carding                  87-90       (A)
Textile spinning                86-96       (A)
Textile Weaving                90-109     (A)
Riveting                            128-130   (A)
Foundries                         104-120   (A)
Heavy Engineering            95-112     (A)


Safety Seeds : Safety Induction


Safety induction to new employees and contract labors are a key way of achieving our goals in an organization.

Every organizations Safety induction programs will be different, but all successful programs are formal, required, and include and cover the following “must- haves”:


1. Basic Safety policies and rules/procedures
2. Emergency procedures and equipment (evacuation routes, fire alarms, etc)
3. Job/work area hazards
4. Required PPE
5. Hazard reporting
6. Where to go with questions, problems
7. Safety responsibilities
8. Required Safety training
9. Standard Health & Safety information (safety signs, MSDS, etc)
10. Housekeeping duties and rules 
11. Machinery hazards and its safety. 
12. Accident reporting guidelines.

13. First aid and fire fighting techniques.

By the end of your induction presentation the workers must have a clear understanding of the risks in your environment.

Safety orientation is just the beginning. It has to be quickly followed up with comprehensive training specific to the Health and Safety hazards and risks of your site.

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