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Near Miss

Topic : Incident Reporting 

Near Miss:  Near miss is an unplanned event that did not result in injury, illness or damage but had the potential to do so.

An event without foresight / expectation resulting in injury to person or damage to machine and environment.
Examples of Near Misses (not limited to):
  • Fall of material.  
  • Fall of tools.
  • No fall protection.
  • Improper Material lifting / loading.
  • Working without work permit.
  • Working in wrong method
  • Non Usage of PPE's.
  • Improper / defective tools or equipment.
  • Slips, trips and falls.
  • Electrical Hazards.
  • Fire / explosion.
  • Sudden leakage / bursting.
  • Transport / machines / other eqpts.
  • No access for work.
  • Hazardous work exposure.
  • Workplace environment / layout.
  • Others.

Safety Tips : Common Sense Safety

Common Sense Safety

  • There are a number of Safety problems common to most workplaces and job sites that can be solved with a little common sense. 
    • Planning and thinking ahead can help eliminate most of these hazards. 
    • Take a close look at your workplace with these suggestions in mind.
  • Eliminate junk piles. Organize a clean up program to remove trash, broken parts, and scrap from work areas, walkways, storerooms, and neglected corners. Look for materials that have been stacked improperly. 
    • An unstable stack is a real danger to anyone who may be near if the material suddenly falls. 
    • Check such things as wood pallets, dock freight, storeroom boxes, construction materials and even office files to see that materials are stacked properly.
  • Examine all the operations of your workplace to determine if personal protective clothing is needed, then make it readily available. 
    • Ear protection, eye protection, hard hats, gloves, safety shoes or other protective clothing and equipment must be worn according to the hazard exposure.
  • Make sure all Electric power tools are grounded. Protect yourself from electric shock by using tools with three-prong plugs, a ground-fault system or double insulation. 
    • Never cut off the ground plug on a three-prong plug. 
    • Check electrical cords and wires for any damage. 
    • Guard power tools and moving machine parts. 
    • Tools and equipment should never be operated with the guards or shields removed.
  • Inspect Portable ladders to make sure they are secure and don’t shake or wiggle. 
    • Nonslip feet are a must. 
    • If a ladder seems weak, get rid of it – don’t let others use a defective ladder. 
    • Mark it defective and throw it away.
  • Fire extinguishers are a must and should be mounted properly, readily accessible, and in working order. 
    • Check fire regulations to make sure they are properly placed and the right type for your work area. 
    • When was the last time your fire extinguishers were tested? 
      • Extinguisher inspections should be made regularly then tagged to show when and who performed the tests.
  • Emergency Exits should be clearly marked with easy to read signs place above the doors. 
    • Signs with arrows should also be used to guide people to the exit if the layout of the workplace is confusing to those unfamiliar with your facility. 
    • Illuminated signs should be kept in working order at all times. 
    • Don’t block exits or signs with vehicles or material. 
      • Another good idea is to mark doors that are not exits with “This is Not An Exit,” “Restroom,” “Storeroom” or “Closet.” 
      • Put rails on all stairways. The stairs themselves should be in good shape with nonskid treads. 
      • Repair those that are damaged or chipped.
  • Safety meetings are one of the most important parts of a good safety program, so hold them regularly. Impress upon every worker that it’s important that they take every precaution to keep the workplace safe. Both employee and employer attitudes toward safety provide a key to a successful safety program. 
    • Posters, handouts, and training programs can all be part of your safety communication.



Safety benefits everyone! By incorporating safety rules, employees avoid injury as well as illness from exposure to hazardous substances. With less injuries, a business can be more productive and profitable. 

The welfare of the community is also enhanced by providing cleaner air and water and less chance of dangerous accidents that can put lives and property at risk.

As am employee, you should:

a. Learn to work safely and take all rules seriously.

b. Recognize hazards and avoid them.

c. Report all accidents, injuries and illness to your supervisor immediately.

d. Inspect tools before use to avoid injury.

e. Wear all assigned personal protective equipment.

On the other hand, it is management's responsibility to:

a. Provide a safe and healthy workplace.

b. Provide personal protective equipment.

c. Train employees in safe procedures and in how to identify hazards.

Everyone must be aware of potential hazards on the job:

a. Poor housekeeping results in slips, trips and falls.

b. Electricity can cause shocks, burns or fire if not handled properly.

c. Poor material handling may cause back problems or other injuries.

d. Tools and equipment can cause injuries if guards or protective devices are disengaged.

Always use the protections that are provided on the job:

a. Guards on machines and tools keep body parts from contacting moving equipment.

b. Insulation on electrical equipment prevents burns, shock and fire.

c. Lockout / Tagout assure equipment is de-energized before it is repaired.

d. Personal protective equipment shields your body from hazards you may face on the job.

In case of emergency:

a. Understand alarms and evacuation routes.

b. Know how to notify emergency response personnel.

c. Implement a procedure for leaving the scene safely so emergency personnel can do their job.

d. Wipe up spills promptly and correctly.



Introduction & Purpose  

Job safety analysis (JHA) is “a technique that focuses on job tasks as a way to identify hazards before they occur.” So, the basic way to get done job safely are:-

  • Break a job down into the various tasks it involves
  • Identify hazards associated with each task

Job safety analysis (JHA) mainly “focuses on the relationship between the worker, the task, the tools, and the work environment.” The goal of JHA is to identify and then control hazards before they do cause harm. 

What’s a Hazard?

A hazard is something that has the potential to cause harm. Typically, this means something that can cause an injury or illness.

JHA document has an excellent appendix that lists various categories of hazards. We’ve duplicated that information for you below.



Hazard Descriptions

Chemical (toxic)

A chemical that exposes a person by absorption through the skin, inhalation, or through the bloodstream that causes illness, disease, or death. The amount of chemical exposure is critical in determining hazardous effects. Check Safety Data Sheets (SDS) and/or for chemical hazard information.

Chemical (flammable)

A chemical that, when exposed to a heat ignition source, results in combustion. Typically, the lower a chemical’s flash point and boiling point, the more flammable the chemical. Check SDS for flammability information.

Chemical (corrosive)

A chemical that, when it comes into contact with skin, metal, or other materials, damages the materials. Acids and bases are examples of corrosives.

Explosion(chemical reaction)

Explosions caused by chemical reactions.

Explosion (over pressurization)

Sudden and violent release of a large amount of gas/energy due to a significant pressure difference, such as rupture in a boiler or compressed gas cylinder.

Electrical (shock/short circuit)

Contact with exposed conductors or a device that is incorrectly or inadvertently grounded, such as when a metal ladder comes into contact with power lines.60Hz alternating current (common house current) is very dangerous because it can stop the heart.

Electrical (fire)

Use of electrical power that results in electrical overheating or arcing to the point of combustion or ignition of flammables, or electrical component damage.

Electrical [static/electrostatic discharge (ESD)]

The moving or rubbing of wool, nylon, other synthetic fibers, and even flowing liquids can generate static electricity. This creates an excess or deficiency of electrons on the surface of material that discharges (spark) to the ground resulting in the ignition of flammables or damage to electronics or the body’s nervous system.

Electrical (loss of power)

Safety-critical equipment failure as a result of loss of power.

Ergonomics (strain)

Damage of tissue due to overexertion (strains and sprains) or repetitive motion.

Ergonomics (human error)

A system design, procedure, or equipment that is tends to lead to human error.(For example, a switch that goes up to turn something off instead of down).

Excavation (collapse)

Soil collapse in a trench or excavation as a result of improper or inadequate shoring. Soil type is critical in determining the hazard likelihood.

Fall (slips and trips)

Conditions that result in falls (impacts) from height or traditional walking surfaces (such as slippery floors, poor housekeeping, uneven walking surfaces, exposed ledges, etc.)


Temperatures that can cause burns to the skin or damage to other organs. Fires require a heat source, fuel, and oxygen.

Mechanical/vibration (chaffing/fatigue)

Vibration that can cause damage to nerve endings, or material fatigue that results in a safety-critical failure. (Examples are abraded slings and ropes, weakened hoses and belts.)

Mechanical failure

Self explanatory; typically occurs when devices exceed designed capacity or are inadequately maintained.


 Skin, muscle, or body part exposed to crushing, caught-between, cutting, tearing, shearing  items or equipment.


Noise levels (>85 dBA 8 hr TWA) that result in hearing damage or inability to communicate safety-critical information.

Radiation (ionizing)

Alpha, Beta, Gamma, neutral particles, and X-rays that cause injury (tissue damage) by ionization of cellular components.

Radiation (non-ionizing)

Ultraviolet, visible light, infrared, and microwaves that cause injury to tissue by thermal or
photochemical means.

Struck-by (mass acceleration)

Accelerated mass that strikes the body causing injury or death. (Examples are falling objects and projectiles.)

Struck against

Injury to a body part as a result of coming into contact of a surface in which action was initiated by the person. (An example is when a screwdriver slips.)

Extreme temperatures (heat/cold)

Temperatures that result in heat stress, exhaustion, or metabolic slow down such as hypothermia.


Lack of lighting or obstructed vision that results in an error or other hazard.

Weather conditions (snow/rain/wind/ice)


Benefits of Performing a JHA

Performing JHAs at the workplace should lead to:

  • Safer work procedures
  • Fewer injuries and illnesses
  • Lower injury- and illness-related expenses
  • Increased worker productivity
  • An increased awareness of how to train employees to perform their jobs safely

For which Jobs JHA should need to be perform?

It’s a good idea to perform a JHA for any job. However, it’s also a good idea to prioritize some jobs ahead of others.

Considering performing JHAs first for jobs that: 

  • Have a high injury and illness rate–at your location or in the industry in general
  • Have the potential to cause severe injuries and illnesses, even if that’s never happened at your location so far
  • Could lead to a severe injury or illness if only one human error occurred
  • Are  new to your location
  • Have recently changed
  • Are complex


Tool Box Talk: Prevent Accident

Tool Box Talk:

Prevent Accidents


Safety Videos
Have you ever wondered what you can do to prevent accidents? Maybe, like many people, you believe accidents are bound to happen and there's not much you can do about them. Or, you may think that they only happen to the other person. Well, the truth is that accidents do happen to everyone and often can be prevented.

Here's something to think about. Statistics show that in many cases an accident could have been prevented by the victim. And, in other cases, by a co-worker. Think of accidents that happened to people you know. Usually it was a stupid mistake. Right? In other words, that person or someone else working on the job could have prevented it.

Below listed some way you can personally do something to preventing accidents:

  1. Make accident prevention a part of your daily routine: Plan safety in advance. Before beginning a job, be sure your tools are in good condition. Also, see that you have the required protective equipment.
  2. Report unsafe acts or conditions to your supervisor: If you see something that's dangerous or someone working in an unsafe way, do something about it. If it's an unsafe condition, correct it if you can. Otherwise, report it to someone who has the authority or ability to do so. If you see someone committing an unsafe act, warn that person in a friendly way.
  3. Avoid horseplay: Aren't you always telling your kids to knock off fooling around before someone gets hurt? Well, horse- play is dangerous for kids of any age. On a construction job you can easily be injured if you're not strictly business all of the time. Often a person is killed or hurt when a "harmless" prank or a practical joke backfires.
  4. Follow instructions: You'd follow instructions if you were dismantling a time bomb - and very carefully at that. Well, take the same attitude on the job. When we give you instructions, it's only after we've considered the safest and best way to do it. Sometimes doing something just a little different from what you were told can get you or someone else in a lot of trouble.
  5. Make suggestions: If you see a quicker or a better way to do something, let us know. We'll check it out and if it's practical, we'll use it. But first we'll make sure it's safe. And if you see a safer way of doing some-thing, bring it to our attention, by all means.
  6. Practice good housekeeping: Nobody likes a slob .its upsetting to see someone with a messy work area. And it goes even further than that. A sloppy work area is not only hard on the eyes, but a breeding ground for accidents. Trash and materials strewn around can result in trips, falls, and fires.
  7. Dress for the job: In addition to wearing protective equipment, dress so that you won't get hurt. Don't wear floppy clothing (such as loose sleeves or cuffs) or jewelry that can catch on something or become entangled in machinery.

Safety Procedure : Safe Operating Procedure


Topic : Safety Procedure  


Safety Videos
Safe Operating Procedure

Machine Shop Safety and Operations Protocol

I. Purpose

This Safe / Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) outlines requirements to be considered by an authorized user of the Machine Shop as well as describes the normal operation of the equipment and any hazards that may be encountered during normal operation. Finally, the SOP explains how to minimize any hazards and how to respond in an emergency situation. This document is to be reviewed one year from the date of approval or as conditions warrant, whichever is the shorter time period.
Safety Videos

II. Personnel

Authorized Personnel: The Machine Shop may be operated only by authorized personnel who are fully cognizant of all safety issues involved in the operation of such a device. These personnel are to ensure that the equipment is only operated in the manner laid out in this document. To become an authorized user, one must:
  • Complete Safety Orientation.
  • Read and fully understand the SOP
  • Receive training on the equipment by an authorized user.
  • Sign the authorized user sheet to affirm that the above steps have been completed.
Unauthorized personnel: No unauthorized personnel may enter machinery area during operations unless accompanied by an authorized user. All visitors must be briefed on proper safety protocol and must wear appropriate protective eye-wear located on the premises.

III. Hazards

Safety is not often thought about as you proceed through your daily tasks. Often you expose yourself to needless risk because you have experienced no harmful effects in the past. Unsafe habits become almost automatic. You may drive your car without wearing a seat belt. You know this to be unsafe, but you have done it before and so far no harm has resulted. None of us really likes to think about possible consequences of an unsafe act.

A). Identifying shop Hazards

A machine shop is not so much a dangerous place as a potentially dangerous place. One of the best ways to be safe is to be able to identify shop hazards before they can involve you in an accident. By being aware of potential danger, you can better make safety part of your work in the machine shop.

B). Eye Protection

Eye protection is a primary safety consideration around the machine shop. Machine tools produce metal chips that may be very sharp, and there is always a possibility that these metal chips may be ejected from a machine at high velocity. Sometimes they can fly many feet.

Eye protection MUST be worn at all times in the machine shop. There are several types of eye protection available.
  •   Plain safety glass- these have shatter proof lenses. The most common type of eye protection worn in the machine shop.
  • Side shield safety glasses- these must be worn around any grinding operation.
  • Safety goggle- the type that only covers the eyes, or is worn over prescription non-safety glasses.
  • The full face shield- most often worn on work producing hot sparks or other flying debris.
C). Foot Protection

Shoes must be worn at all times in the machine shop. A solid leather shoe is recommended. SANDALS should not be WORN.

D). Ear Protection

Safety regulations are quite strict regarding exposure to noise. Several types of sound suppressors and noise-reducing ear plugs must be worn. Noise is considered an industrial hazard if it is continually above 85 decibels. If it is over 115 decibels for short periods of time ear protection must be worn. Ear muffs or ear plugs should be used wherever high intensity noise occurs. Sudden sharp or high-intensity noises are the most harmful to your eardrums.

Sound level monitoring and assessment is available through Campus EH&S. Contact your Safety Department to schedule an EH&S site visit.


  • Painful sounds: Jet engines on ground
  • Airplane on ground:  reciprocating engine.
  • Boiler factory. Pneumatic riveter.
  • Maximum street noise
  • Loud shout
  • Diesel truck Piano practice Average city street
  • Dog barking Average conversation
  • Average city office
  • Average city residence
  • One typewriter
  • Average country residence
  • Turning page of newspaper Purring cat
  • Rustle of leaves in breeze
  • Gastrointestinal out gassing
  • Faintest audible sound

E). Grinding Dust and Hazardous Fumes

Grinding dust is produced by abrasive wheels and consists of extremely fine metal particles and abrasive wheel particles. These should not be inhales.

You should wear an approved respirator if you are exposed to dangerous metals, such as beryllium, or the presence of radioactivity in nuclear systems. In these situations, the spread of grinding

dust must be carefully controlled. Note that one must obtain proper safety training, health exam, and respirator fit testing prior to using a respirator; contact EH&S for details.

Some metals such as zinc give off toxic fumes when heated above their boiling point. Some of these fumes when inhaled cause only temporary sickness, but other fumes can be severe or even fatal. The fumes of mercury and lead are especially dangerous, as their effect is cumulative in your body and can cause irreversible damage. Cadmium and beryllium compounds are also very poisonous.

F). Clothing, Hair, and Jewelry

Avoid entanglement with the moving parts of the machinery.

Wear short-sleeved shirt or roll up long sleeves above the elbow. Keep your shirt tucked in. It is recommended that you wear a shop apron. If you do wear a shop apron, keep it tied behind you. If apron strings become entangled in the machine, you may be reeled in as well. A shop coat may be worn as long as you roll up ling sleeves. Do not wear fuzzy sweaters around machine tools.

If you have long hair, keep it secured properly. In industry, you may be required to wear a hair net so that your hair cannot become entangled in a moving machine. The result of this can be disastrous.

Remove your rings before operating any machine tool. These can cause serious injury if they should be caught in a moving machine part.

G). Hand Protection

There is really no device that will totally protect your hands from injury. Next to your eyes, your hands are the most important tools that you have. It is up to you to keep them out of danger. Use a brush to remove chips from a machine. Do not use your hands. Chips are not only razor sharp, they are often extremely hot. Resist the temptation to grab chips as they come from a cut. Long chips are extremely dangerous. These can often be eliminated by properly sharpening your cutting tools. Chips should not be removed with a rag. The metal particles become imbedded in the cloth and they may cut you. Furthermore, the rag may be caught in a moving machine.

Gloves must not be worn around most machine tools, although they are acceptable when working with a hand saw blade and when removing sharp chips from lathes and mills. If a glove should be caught in a moving part, it will be pulled in, along with the hand inside it.

Various cutting oils, coolants and solvents may affect your skin. The result may be a rash of an infection. Avoid DIRECT contact with these products as much as possible and wash your hands as soon as possible after contact.

H). Lifting

Improper lifting can result in a permanent back injury that can limit your physical activity the rest of your life. Back injury can be avoided if you lift properly at all times. If you must lift a large or heavy object, get some help or use a fork lift. Don’t try to be a “superman” and lift something that you know is too heavy. It is not worth the risk.

Objects within your lifting capability can be lifted safely by the following procedure:
  • Keep your back straight.
  • Squat down, bending your knee.
  • Lift smoothly, using the muscles in your legs to do the work. Keep your back straight. Bending over the load puts an excessive stress on your spine.
  • Position the load so that it is comfortable to carry. Watch where you are walking when carrying a load.
  • If you are placing the load back at the floor level, lower it in the same manner you picked it up.

I). Carrying objects
If material is over six feet long it should be carried in the horizontal position. If it must be carried in the vertical position, be careful of light fixtures and ceilings. If the material is both long and over 25 kg in weight, it should be carried by two people, one at each end. Heavy stock, even if it is short, should be carried by two people.

J). Scuffling and Horseplay
The machine shop has no place for scuffling and horseplay. This activity can result in serious injury to you, a fellow student, or worker. Practical joking is also very hazardous. What might appear to be a comical situation to you could result in a disastrous accident to someone else. In industry, horseplay and practical joking are often grounds for dismissal of an employee.

K). Compressed Air
Most machine shops have compressed air. This is needed to operate certain machine tools. Often flexible air hoses are hanging about the shop. A large amount of energy can be stored in a compressed gas such as air. When this energy is released, extremely danger may be present. You maybe tempted blow chips from a machine tool using compressed air. This is not recommended. The air will propel metal particle at high velocity. The can injure you or someone on the other side of the shop. Use a brush to clean chips from the machine. Do not blow compressed air on your clothing or skin. The air can be dirty and the force can implant dirt and germs into your skin. Air can be a hazard to ears as well. An eardrum can be ruptured. A broken air hose will whip about wildly and may cause injury if you happen to be standing nearby and are struck.
L). Electrical
Electricity is another potential danger in a machine shop. Your exposure to electrical hazard will be minimal unless you become involved with the machine maintenance. A machinist is mainly concerned with to on and off control switch on a machine tool.

M). Machine Hazards
There are many machine hazards. Remember that a machine cannot distinguish between cutting metal and cutting fingers. Do not think that you are strong enough to stop a machine should you become tangled in moving parts. YOU ARE NOT. When operating a machine, think about what you are going to do before you do it.

IV. Normal Operation

The operational procedures for each piece of equipment may be attached to the back of this document or will be on file in the machine shop SOP instruction manuals.

V. Emergency Procedures

A). Injuries:   If you should be injured, report it immediately to your supervisor.

B). Power outage: If there is a power outage, turn off the equipment to avoid a hazardous situation when power is restored. It is advised that all personnel in the machine shop exit the shop area until proper lighting is restored.

C). Earthquake: If there is an earthquake, turn off the equipment and immediately take cover either beneath a table or door frame. Avoid areas where equipment and materials may fall, dislodged, or become projectiles. When the shaking has subsided, check for the safety of others and yourself, and if possible exit the building immediately.

D). Emergency Evacuation Alarms: If there is an emergency alarm, turn off the equipment immediately, check for other occupants in the machine shop, exit the building immediately, and report to the building evacuation staging area located in the front of the building.(Assembly Point)

Authorized Users

I have read and understood the Standard Operating Procedures for the Machine Shop.

Name of the employee
Supervisor’s Sign


At the end of your work time you are expected to clean up the machines you worked on including the area around them: base, chip pans, etc.

Each drill area must be left clean, so if you drill a hole on the drill press, and then go to use the mill you must clean the drill press first, before you use the mill.

After using a machine, tear down all setups and return the machine to its standard setup. Milling machines should be left with a vise securely mounted on the center of the table.

The machine shop is a potentially dangerous environment. By following a few safety rules and applying a lot of common sense you will be able to safely produce quality machine work. We encourage you to plan your machining tasks before you come into the shop. Think before you cut! We also encourage you to take your time in the shop. You will find that if you work slowly and carefully you will obtain the desired results more quickly that if you hurry. The following is a list of shop rules to help you safely produce machine work of consistent quality.

Federal and state laws require safety glasses be worn at all times in the shop area. All corrective glasses with the exception of contact lenses provide adequate eye protection. Glasses must be worn whenever you are in the shop regardless of whether you are working or not. Laser safety glasses and sunglasses are not acceptable safety devices because of their tinting.

To safely work in the machine shop, you need to be properly dressed. You must wear closed shoes on your feet to protect you from falling objects and metal chips. Sandals are not acceptable. Also long sleeves must be rolled up and long hair tied up or contained in a cap so they do not become caught in any rotating machinery. Rings should be taken off. Gloves are not allowed to be worn in the shop except for handling dirty or sharp material. They are never to be worn when running any machines. This also includes rubber gloves.

It is strongly recommended that a minimum of two people be present in the student shop in case there is an accident. If you need to work late at night or on the weekend and it is not possible to have someone accompany you, let someone know where you are going and when you plan to return. Be sure that all people you bring in to the shop with you have safety glasses, appropriate shoes, and that they know where the emergency power shutoff switch , the fire extinguisher and the phone are located.

The machine shop is not a place to experiment. Since the machine shop is a potentially dangerous environment no operations that you are not entirely sure will work, should never be tried. If you are not absolutely sure you know what you are doing, ask.

As a user of the machine shop it is your responsibility to immediately tend to any potentially dangerous situation that you come across regardless of whether or not you have caused it. Encourage your shop-mates to wear safety glasses. Clean up spilled oil by spreading oil sorb on the spill.

Chips should be removed from the t-slots of the table. Lathes should be left with an empty collet chuck or three-jaw on the spindle. Nothing should be in the tailstock and the cutting tool should be removed from the tool post.

Brush all of the chips off the machine and place them in the trash. Do not use compressed air for this. Once most of the chip is removed go ahead and blow the ones you missed on the floor. When the chips are removed, wipe all oil and dust from the machine with a rag. Be sure to clean the chip pan or the lather and the base of the mill. Then sweep the floor around your work area and throw the sweeping into the trash.

If the supervisor determines that any person neglected to clean a machine or shop area that he or she was using, that person must immediately return and perform the required cleanup to the supervisor’s satisfaction.

Appendix B Procedure for Machine Shop Accidents

In the event of a machine shop accident, follow the procedure below:
  • Ensure that the machine is shut off.
  • Provide for the safety of the personnel (first aid, evacuation, etc.) as needed. Note — if an eye injury is suspected, have the injured person keep his/her head upright and still to reduce bleeding in the eye. A physician should evaluate machine injuries as soon as possible.
  • Obtain medical assistance for anyone who may be injured.
  • If there is a fire, pull the alarm, and contact the fire department by calling from a cell phone. Do not fight the fire unless it is very small and you have been trained in fire fighting techniques.
  • Inform the Office of Environment Health, & Safety (EH&S) as soon as possible.
  • After the incident, do not resume use of the machinery until the EH&S has reviewed the incident and approved the resumption of work.
Appendix C - Important Factors to Remember

  1. All shop users are responsible for cleanup as described below.
  2. Do not walk out of arms reach of a running machine.
  3. Report any broken or missing tools to BNC Director or supervisor, so they can be repaired. Never use anything but sharp, unbroken tools. A dull tool requires higher cutting forces to do the same work as a sharp too. Increased force causes accidents and damaged work pieces.
  4. All work must be securely clamped in the machine before any work is done.
  5. Resist the temptation to pull chips away from the cutter with your fingers. They are sharp and hot. If you must remove the chips use a pair of pliers.
  6. Never blow compressed air into a large pile of chips. Use a brush to remove most of the chips than blow. Never blow air towards another worker. Never blow compressed air onto your skin or hair.
  7. Do not grind non-ferrous material on the grinder. It eventually causes the grinding wheel. To crack and fly apart. The grinder is for sharpening cutting tools only. Use the belt sander if you want to grind something that is not a cutting tool. When turning the grinder on do not stand directly in front of the wheels, wait until they have come up to full speed. Never ever clean any grinder or sander with compressed air!
  8. Lathe and drill chuck keys must never be left resting in a chuck.
  9. Do not leave a machine set up and unattended for any longer than a half hour without the consent of the shop supervisor. If left for longer the set up will be torn down when the machine is needed.

  1. Do I know how to operate this machine?
  2. What are the potential hazards involved?
  3. Are all guards in place?
  4. Are my procedures safe?
  5. Am I doing something that I probably should not do?
  6. Have I made all the proper adjustments and tightened all locking bolts and bolts?
  7. Is the work piece secured properly?
  8. Do I have proper safety equipment?
  9. Do I know where the STOP SWITCH is?
  10. Do I think about safety in everything I do?

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